According to Ohio State Archaeological Excavations in Greece, “myths arose to explain the manner in which and the locations at which the Greeks carried out their rites” (Greek Mythology). Greek rituals used torches and ears of corns which symbolized Demeter’s search for Persephone (Cartwright). In the spring festivals celebrated Persephone with symbolism of her picking flowers and her wedding. Religious worship of Persephone was a big part of Greek life. The myth helped the people understand why some religious rituals existed and why they should honor
Greek mythology can be viewed as a mirror to the ancient Greek civilization. Ancient Greek myths and legends often reflected how the Greeks saw themselves. Myths were used by Greeks to make justifications of every existing aspect of earth as well as their own society. In myths, Greek gods & heroes often represented key aspects of the human civilization. From Greek mythology, we can learn about the favorable characteristics of humans, such as their behavior and valuable skills that were approved of by the ancient Greek society.
Treating citizens as a part of society assisted Egypt in growing and becoming successful in trade, writing and protecting itself. In Babylonia, the people were treated as sacred to the kingdom while outsiders were viewed as alien (Wallech, 2013, p.43). The Middle Kingdom subjects now had a place in the afterlife, formerly reserved for rulers and royalty. In Babylonia, humans teamed
How did you think religion was like back then for the Romans and the Greeks? Religion is an important part of their culture. Throughout history it has influenced almost every other aspect of life including wars, marriages, sporting and entertainment events, as well as daily life and activities. There is no denying that it is important. Religion in ancient times was no different than modern day.
Throughout our history the belief in a higher being has been a common practice. There have been many versions of these beliefs and it is understandable why. When a person believes in a superior force it helps them be motivated. In Homer’s The Odyssey you see humans blaming their problems and crediting their success to the gods. Throughout The Odyssey there are instances where it was beneficial for Odysseus and others to believe in gods and goddesses to explain the unexplainable and guide them through life’s journey.
Civilization is the cooperation between individuals within a region. The first civilizations were Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Both civilizations acquired a different environment. However, their environment promoted religion, specifically polytheism. Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods.
Greeks were bound, to at some time, sail the dangerous seas, such as the Aegean or Mediterranean, and they would hope that their many prayers to Poseidon would keep them safe on their voyages in his domain. According to Greek myths, Poseidon had been the ruler of the seas ever since the world was divided between him and his two brothers, Zeus and Hades, and himself. Because he was the ruler of the seas it was a simple task for him to sink any ship and sailors that he disliked, with a tidal wave or a storm ("Poseidon," UXL). Greek sailors believed that this horrifying idea could have happened and to prevent it they would constantly pray to Poseidon to keep them safe at sea. Even survivors of shipwrecks, which were believed to be caused by Poseidon, made sacrifices to him and gave him thanks for sparing their lives since they feared risking his anger further ("Poseidon," Greenhaven).
In The Odyssey, mortals tend to rely on the gods and goddesses to protect them and provide the materials that they need to survive. Respect is how the mortals pay back the gods through sacrifice. Phaeacia is one of the most ideal of places for respect and love for the gods. The king and queen of Phaeacia follow xenia, hospitality and all of the respectful customs to new guests, and they always sacrifice to Poseidon the best of their flock. Phaeacians have not had any real problems with their kingdom because they always did the right things.
The ideas of democracy, wisdom, religion is reflected in the Greek artwork, also represent the ancient people’s intelligence and creativity. The Greek sculptures reach the new height of beauty, not only because the mastery of the technique, but also the fascination of human body. Greek art uses the outer appearance to reflect the inner power, it is the representative pattern of western art. The myth inspires the creation of sculpture. The fantasy of nature and society and the admire of god’s shape and personality makes the sculpture more multiple and abundant.
Both the Greek and the Roman architecture inspired the cultures and architects until these days due to the diverse meaning they carry and symbolize in astonishing ways through the different orders, columns, roofs, friezes, and domes. The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome depict the splendor of these two cultures. Starting with the Parthenon, it was completely constructed in 432 B.C.E by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to honor the Athen’s patron deity, Athena, and to house her statue. It is rectangular and consisted of a series of Doric columns. However, it is a mixture of the Doric and Ionic orders.