Groups If all of your friends jumped off of a cliff, would you jump too? The age-old creed of chastising mothers everywhere highlights the dynamic of a group, the group mind, and the effect it can have on the individual behaviors thought processes. While the concept is highly praised and sought after, individuality is simply an illusion that we live in in order to facilitate a facade of being special and unique. As a society, we need to accept the reality that we are not unique, but are simply pawns in larger clique constructions. In a world where everyone is included in some type of group, it becomes increasingly important to not only understand the impact group thinking can have on you, but also to understand how to think as an individual. …show more content…
In fact, it is impossible to escape the group dynamic. Your family, your profession, your economic standing, your environment, and even your gender places you in a group with peers who share something in common with you. Even if you attempt to rebel against your “group” it just places you into another subgroup with a similar system of group thinking and a similar group mind. Psychoanalyst Erich Fromm said, “ The organization of man has lost the capacity to disobey, he is not even aware of the fact that he obeys.” (578) We obey the thinking and constraints of the group mind, whether or not we are conscious of the sheep-like obedience to the ideas percolating within the group dynamic and the collective group mind. The concept of a “group mind” permeates our society; generally, under a fairly positive connotation with an aim of progressing ideas and combining individual ways of thinking to better the group. Projects are done in groups, groups are assigned to perform tasks together, and …show more content…
Not compliance to an authority figure, but rather to the popular opinion. The group dynamic facilitates a sense of authority that must be obeyed. This form of herd mentality can be dangerous not only to the individual and the group, but also to the surrounding communities. Because fitting in with the crowd rather than doing what you perceive to be right is often times more safe and attractive to the individual, they commonly obey the “authority” of the group. There have been patterns all throughout history that epitomize the principle of herd mentality. There have been churches, political parties, families, and countless other socially structured groups that have used their power of the majority and the strong to sway the individuality and convictions of others. Group members have even forgone their own ideas and morals in order to protect themselves from expulsion from the group, and potential persecution for dismissing the general authority and power of the group. Solomon Asch of Rutgers University concluded of group mentality: “ The tendency to conformity in our society is so strong that reasonably intelligent and well-meaning young people are willing to call white black is a matter of concern.” ( Asch 602). He is saying that despite education, intention, and background, people will follow the group consensus most of the time, and that our propensity to accommodate the
In the realistic fiction book, “The Outsiders” by S.E. HINTON, a war between the Socs and the Greasers is getting more intense by the day as the rich, snobby Socs gang up on the struggling, hardened Greasers leaving them with no choice but to surprise the Socs with a bloody surprise. Unfortunately, this gory accident forces some Greasers to run and go into hiding relying on their fellow Greasers to help them out but things don’t always go their way as they would quickly learn. All the evidence is leaning towards the answer that it is more beneficial to be a part of a group than to be an individual. It is more beneficial to be a part of a group because when you’re in a group they can protect you and stand up for you. Group members protecting and standing up for each other is evidenced in the book when Johnny kills Bob because he and his gang of Socs started drowning Ponyboy.
Recognizing that one is participating in groupthink is the first step to getting out of it, and it’s always important to take a step back from any polarizing situations to assess how one really feels, and if their actions reflect their true opinions and morals. Everyone will find themselves in a herd mentality situation at some point in their lives. The true test is: will they find the courage to break free? Or will they sit idly by as injustice after injustice happens around them? That, of course, is for the individual to
Psychologist Irving Janis explained some alarmingly bad decisions made by governments and businesses coined the term "groupthink”, which he called "fiascoes.” He was particularly drawn to situations where group pressure seemed to result in a fundamental failure to think. Therefore, Janis further analyzed that it is a quick and easy way to refer to a mode of thinking people engage in when they are deeply involved in a cohesive in-group, when the members ' striving for unanimity override their motivation to realistically appraise alternative courses of action. According to Janis, groupthink is referred as the psychological drive for consensus at any cost that suppresses disagreement and prevents the appraisal of alternatives in cohesive decision-making groups.
Lastly, Rothwell explains how pressure toward uniformity is another general symptom of groupthink. This occurs when there is an assumed sense of agreement which results in no one speaking up when they have an opposing opinion (p. 251). Often times the false sense of uniformity causes there to be direct pressure on the deviants which does not allow for an open environment for opinions to be shared and considered (Rothwell, 2013, p
Therefore, Source E explains that people who want to find new ways of thinking and acting are prone to mob mentality because taking part in the ideologies of new groups as “anonymous members” can act as a starting point, or “middle ground”. This is common among people that don’t want to totally abandon their old behavior and lifestyle. The other common cause of mob mentality, diffusion of responsibility, is the perception that being in a group somehow takes away the individual responsibility of a person. Source D tells the reader that “people believe they won’t be held responsible for their actions if they think they are anonymous.” While anonymity never overrides responsibility, this phenomenon is present in everyone’s unconscious mind.
Conformity and group mentality are major aspects of social influence that have governed some of the most notorious events and experiments in history. The Holocaust is a shocking example of group mentality, or groupthink, which states that all members of the group must support the group’s decisions strongly, and all evidence leading to the contrary must be ignored. Social norms are an example of conformity on a smaller scale, such as tipping your waiter or waitress, saying please and thank you, and getting a job and becoming a productive member of society. Our society hinges on an individual’s inherent need to belong and focuses on manipulating that need in order to create compliant members of society by using the ‘majority rules’ concept. This
Groupthink is when a large group of people all agree with one opinion for the sake of unity rather than use facts and evidence to form their own opinions. Groupthink has the power to suppress different opinions by creating a feeling of peer pressure that suppresses other opinions. It is a powerful phenomenon that can prevent people from sharing their own ideas and merely agreeing to an idea due to their loyalty and lack of will to disagree. This practice has caused many problems throughout history. Groupthink is a powerful tool of manipulation when used by politicians and spearhead figures.
Group think According to Janis, who coined the term; groupthink “occurs when a group makes faulty decisions because group pressures lead to a deterioration of mental efficiency, reality testing, and moral judgment” (1972, p. 9) further group think often leads to a decrease in the mental efficacy perception of reality and moral judgement, as personages find themselves in a group system that seeks high cohesion and unanimity which delimits the motivation of the individual to realistically appraise alternate courses of action (Janis, 1972). A common trait of a collective experiencing this phenomenon, is an inclination to take irrational decision making in addition to members of the group being similar in background and further being insulated from external insight. Comparably the singularity of groupthink is present in the film 12 Angry Men, and appears anecdotally, early on the film, present in the expected unanimous vote of ‘guilty,’ that will send the defendant to the electric chair. Invulnerability Literature surrounding the concept of group think is greatly rooted in the writings of Janis.
It is a natural human instinct to want to be acknowledge by your peers, yet it is also important to be a critical thinker. Irving Janis in 1972 created the term groupthink. He believed groupthink occurs inside a group of similar people that want to keep from being different, resulting in incoherent decision-making. The 1957 film "12 Angry Men," uses groupthink, which influenced the verdict vote in the case of a teenager accused of murdering his father. The purpose of this essay is to examine groupthink and to represent Dr. Irving Janis’ symptoms of groupthink in the film.
Due to groupthink a person that accepts the goals and means of the society will most likely disregard the means after being subject to the ideals of a group of deviants for a long period of time. Due to these many reasons, of which there are many more, it should be understood and mentally maintained that while there may always be choices, there may not be any good choices
The issue of mob mentality happens frequently as people depend too much on one another and easily get influenced by what the majority of the people think and decide. The internal or hidden pressure among the group is another factor that leads to why people follow the majority. As everyone started to change when “All at once the crowd swayed towards the island and were gone-following Jack. Even the tiny kids went and did their best among the leaves and broken branches” (Golding 38). Once Jack had become a stubborn dictator, one by one people started to follow him.
Only without fear can one truly be free to stand up for what they believe in and pursue their own path. Herd mentality is often found in everyday life whether it be at a workplace environment or school, found most often when a group of friends are together. In the sermon, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”, Jonathan Edwards said, “We find it easy to tread on and crush a worm that we see crawling on earth…” Throughout “The Crucible” one person started accusing others of being witches and soon others followed that example. The members in the puritan society first attacked the homeless, insane or even the servants due to their lower social status.
From my childhood, I was taught to work in group; as a family we are one group and as a class we are one group. I was always told to follow Nash's Theory, which states that if every individual pursued his own need regardless of the group's need, a clash would happen. As I grew up, I initiated thinking. Is what I was taught valid? Is a strong group identity an apt thing?
They can reflect on their response to critisicm, to time constraints and responsibility. They can also ask themselves the question of how their critical thinking and decision-making skills can be beneficial to a group. Negatively though, some problems can occur working in a group. While having a group of individuals who think differently, have different experiences and backgrounds can be beneficial to the group, realistically though a few personality clashes are almost inenvitable when you have such a variety of people working together in a group.
Kurt Lewin’s major contribution lies in the field of Group Dynamics, Field Theory and Action Research. He modelled the social change process in organisational, particularly, industrial setups. 1. Group Dynamics: - Lewin’s definition of a group is widely accepted. Here the basic line of argument is that groups come into being in a psychological sense ‘not because their members necessarily are similar to one another (although they may be); rather, a group exists when people in it realize their fate depends on the fate of the group as a whole’