C. Significance of the Study Concepts like pain and love are not new in philosophical studies. Pain and love may be a broad topic to talk about. However, this thesis attempts to arrive in a concrete understanding on the concepts pain and love under the thought of Clive Staples Lewis. People as they experience these phenomena, wonders and so they begin to ask about it. People have attempted on defining these concepts based on their subjective experiences.
Famous psychologist Sigmund Freud separated the human psyche into three parts: the Id, the Ego, and the Superego. These three parts located between all three sections of the mind: the unconscious, the preconscious and the conscious. The Id is purely pleasure based, motivated by primal needs and wants. This section is based only in the subconscious mind; it is not affected by the outside world. The Ego is formed after realizing that not every urge can be fulfilled, thus making the Ego rationalize the Id’s desires with reality, making it based in the preconscious and the conscious mind, along with the Superego.
Dimmesdale is Wack, Man When considering the term “narcissism,” one often conjures up the image of a conceited, self-absorbed person who excessively praises their own perfection. However, narcissism as a psychological disorder is much deeper. According to licensed mental health counselor Michael Samsel, narcissism is best described as “organizing one 's life around the goal of being superior.” And yet, “superiority is not just about learning to do one or more things well, it is about hiding any evidence of imperfection in other areas” (Samsel). A narcissistic personality often causes turmoil, with the ever-present black hole of self-importance potentially manifesting into an abusive relationship. In The Scarlet Letter, a novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne, a narcissistic personality is seen in the character of Dimmesdale, the reverend in the Puritan town of 17th century Boston, and secret lover of Hester Prynne.
Glaucon further acknowledges an additional set of goods which people “love for their own sake, and also for the sake of their consequences” (36), such as peace or intellect. Despite Socrates’ acceptance of these points, the two remain at war over how these points holistically apply to justice. Is it being just only consequentially valuable, or does it carry any instrumental benefit on its own sake? To further his argument, Glaucon performs a thought experiment – the Ring of Gygesthat – in attempt to discover the underlying motivation for acting justly. Glaucon describes a situation in which both a perfectly just person and a perfectly unjust person possess a ring that could make them invisible, thereby allowing them to act without fear of consequences (38).
Both men need to learn similar lessons and are motivated by fear, but Augustine is much more aware of his predicament and is able to spur change from within. Augustine is no doubt aided by the extremity of his interaction with the drunken beggar to help him see the proverbial light. Despite these seemingly glaring differences between Augustine and Scrooge, an interesting contrast arises from both stories reliance on the mystical. Even though Augustine does not need the preposterous supernatural, he transforms his life to center around the crutch of the “conventional” supernatural. This ironic foil is an interesting aspect of the first “autobiography”.
To begin, the id is considered to be the more selfish instinct that lies within us. Some might even refer to it as the more unholy side of our personalities. It is the part of us that says whatever we want should call for immediate satisfaction. The superego is on the opposite side of the spectrum. The superego is the more of the spiritual side of us, and it follows both the values and
Important issue is that in clinical populations ‘positive emotions’ such as safeness, joy, and happiness are not necessarily experienced as pleasurable but are rather frightening (Gilbert et.al, 2012). One reason being that previous experiences of these emotions may have been associated with adverse outcomes, for example, the person who says ‘happiness never lasts – when I feel happy I am always waiting for something bad to happen. Joshanloo (2012) reviews the empirical and theoretical evidence suggesting that, some individuals possess negative views on happiness and are sometimes afraid of
What you consider pain and pleasure is according to your own measuring scale. What Duryodhana considers comforting is according to his own measuring scale. The world that you perceive according to your measuring scale is a mere delusion (maya). Only the enlightened know the truth of the world, while the rest construct a delusion that pleases their own ego. Therefore the enlightened are at peace while the rest are in a constant search for peace.
According to the Meriam-Webster dictionary, the definition of happiness is “a state of well-being and contentment.” However, the word happiness has a much more complex meaning and is hard to describe. In Daniel Gilbert’s “Does Fatherhood Make You Happy?” he discusses the apparent happiness that comes with the privilege of being a parent. Howard C. Cutler and The Dalai Lama take a different approach in their section “Inner Contentment.” They explain the false feeling of satisfaction that people acquire from material items. The differences between these two entries are limit while the similarities are very prominent. Gilbert and Cutler’s writings were similar in various ways but also had some factors that differed.
STUMBLING ON HAPPINESS PART I CHAPTER 1: JOURNEY TO ELSE WHEN Content: The author Daniel Gilbert is a renowned psychologist whose book is a witty, racy and readable study of expectation, anticipation, memory and perception: all bits of scaffolding within the structure of happiness. The author reports that humans have a tendency to estimate things based on their current emotions and he refers to them as 'talented forgers'. They are the only animals who as according to him are given the ability to presume things n predict. The author further explains that, the thing we predict that makes us happy may leave us disappointed- and supposed disappointment may bring happiness. The author refers our
Augustine’s encounter with Victorinus gives him an insight on pain and joy. He asserts that “Even the natural pleasures of human life are attained through distress, not only through the unexpected calamities that befall against our will but also through deliberate and planned discomfort” (13). He indicates that joy and suffering are closely connected, and that humans derive pleasure, not just from tragedies beyond their controls but also from intended suffering. He suggests that the contrast exists, perhaps, because their occurrences are all part of God’s plan and at the appropriate time He gives relief to the troubled (14). St. Augustine claims that the conversions of well-known, influential individuals like Victorinus are even more so important because their action brings more people closer to God.
There are many myths and misunderstandings surrounding common perceptions of Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). While some psychologists disagree about treatment, others deny that the disorder exists at all. However, based on accounts of real clients and their counselors, it is evident that DID is a very real mental illness that in many cases can be successfully treated. In order to separate fact from fiction it is important to understand what DID is and how it affects people. First of all, the term dissociation is defined as “a psychological state in which the individual’s level of consciousness is altered.” (Fox p. 325) Dissociation has been described as feeling separated from the body.