Living a longer life likewise means a greater strain on the economy as well as the environment. According to the Social Security Administration, a steady increase in the older population over the age of 65 will put a severe strain on federal programs such as Medicare and Social Security. To put simply the system as we know it will crumble. Now imagine what this would do with the ecological, social, and economic environment. Brian Bienkowski wrote "As People Live Longer, Threats to Wildlife Increase “Increased life expectancy means that people live longer and affect the planet longer; each year is another year of carbon footprint, ecological Laurinaitis 3 footprint, use of natural resources, etc.
The ageing population of the world is a new phenomenon that, even, the richest and most powerful countries, are trying to understand. The ageing people are no longer restricted to a small portion of the population. However, there are still differences between ageing in developed and underdeveloped countries. This is due to the fact that the increasing number of older people in less developed countries is due to the high number of births during the early twentieth century. But the ageing population of European countries, in recent decades, is due to the relatively high birth rate in first quarter of the century, coupled with the decreasing rate of mortality in all age groups.
In western countries, an unprecedented economic growth occurred during the last century: society becomes richer, healthier and more equal. Nonetheless, socioeconomic inequality in health does not disappeared: rich continue to live longer, healthier and better than the poor, and these differences wider over time (Hernandez-Quevedo, Jones, Lopez-Nicolas, & Rice, 2006). Socioeconomic inequalities in health rely on the mechanisms that sort the social stratification of a society. Therefore, welfare state as an institutionalized system of solidarity that redistribute life chances and risks, and as a system of social stratification, plays a crucial role in the persistence of these inequalities in health. In this work the framework of the welfare
A Quick Look At 21st Century Poverty Since the 1960’s, government programs have considerably lowered the number of households living in poverty, giving families access to necessities such as food and healthcare. The number of families living below the poverty line fell 6.2-percent between 1959 and 2014, and incomes doubled, rising from $17,292 to $30,176 annually between 1970 and 2014. In 1970, the growing economy combined with government programs slashed the poverty rate in half. Massive growth of the U.S. economy also fueled this improvement. Despite this early success, the poverty rate rose again over time due to various crises, such as the oil crisis of 1999 and the recession of 2014.
“In the United States, life expectancy increased from forty-five years in 1900 to seventy-eight years in 2007” (U.S Census Bureau, 2011). The longer life expectancies are a result from advantages to children and families such as advanced immunizations, improved housing, and cleaner drinking water. The multi-generational families allow children and families to spend more time with their grandparents. “Grandparents influence grandchildren directly when they serve as caregivers, playmates, and family historians who pass on information that solidifies a sense of generational continuity” (Brooks, 2010). In my opinion, the ability to have grandparents living with families, or around long enough to help raise and share history with children is invaluable and I find this to be one of the most advantageous aspects for children and
Gomez, and R Gutierrez, 2010). Psychological well-being is particularly relevant to older people for several reasons. As life expectancy increases and treatments for life-threatening disease become more effective, the issue of maintaining psychological well-being and morale at older ages is becoming more important. Additionally, a high proportion of the budget for health and social care is devoted to the care of older people, making it imperative to understand the determinants of psychological well-being and its relationship with health outcomes (A. Steptoe 2011). There are two main domains of research traditions on well-being first tradition referred to as subjective well-being, deals with happiness and investigate factors related to self-assessed life satisfaction in general or applied to specific areas of one’s life, the second tradition, referred to as psychological well-being, focuses on human potential, which reflects personal growth, a sense of control over ones action , positive relation with other and purpose in life (Sabates and Hammond ,2008
Analytical Essay These years, the situation of aging society is often mentioned in China as it has grown to a critical status. Ever since the People’s Republic of China was founded, China has been developing rapidly in every area. With the increasing health care coverage, national access to vaccination and improvement in living standards, the life expectancy is dramatically increasing, and the mortality at birth as well as the mortality at 5 years old are dropping, too. Moreover, with the world famous “One Child Policy”, the population growth of young people has been limited, which further promotes the proportion of older adults. As a result, China is an aging society at present.
Discovery, development and prescribing drugs save people’s life or improve quality of their lives. Proper using of medicines reduces the need for surgical intervention and prevents or decreases the length of time of hospitalization and therefore manages the healthcare costs. Pharmaceutical industry is one of the most profitable and critical industries for each country. The market of the industry includes enormous portion of population, therefore pharmaceutical industry represents a considerable economic weight and is a strong driver of local and national economy. It employs a large number of people directly and indirectly, and makes a huge contribution to the balance of trade each year.
While this economic growth has certainly benefited the lives of many, the author discusses how a reduction in work week hours would give people more time to interact with their family and communities as well as “making up for our chronic national sleep deficit” (2008). Beyond a chronic sleep deficit, there are many adverse health effects related to a greater number of work week hours. The purpose of this paper is to examine the health effects of longer workweek hours, in a cultural comparison between Latin America and the United States of America. Adverse Health Effects An increase in work week hours has been associated with many detrimental health
At the same time, other government departments also provide health services to specific populations. Malaysia has made huge improvements in life expectancy for its people which was in the year between 1970 and 2008 for men and for women 61.6 to 71.6 years and 65.6 to 76.4 years respectively ( Table 1.0 ) . The current life expectancy is above than in upper middle-income countries, but still below the high -income countries as 77 years for men and 83 years for women ( WHO , 2010A ). This shows that the health status of Malaysian’s getting improved year to year. Table 1.0 Life expectancy and mortality rates, 1970–2008 Source: Department of Statistics, 2009; WHO, 2010a In Malaysia, public sector provides about 82% of inpatient care and 35% of ambulatory care, and private sector provides about 18% of inpatient care and 62% of ambulatory care (Hussein, 2009).