The Importance Of Health Psychology

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Health Psychology is a branch of psychology in which the behavioural and psychological effects on health are researched into. Friedman and Alder 2007 perceive health psychology to be “the scientific study of psychological processes related to health and healthcare” (Crane, Hannibal, 220). In this area of psychology, the effects are studied using a biopsychosocio approach or a holistic approach. The usage of holistic approach is important as it is perceived by researchers that “health problems are caused by a combination of factors, such as genetic predisposition (biological, behaviour and beliefs (e.g. lifestyle and health benefits), and sociocultural context (e.g. family, social support, and cultural influences.)” (Crane, Hannibal, 221). A holistic point of view is important as it can be utilised to research into the various factors that play a role in the relationship of stress and illness. Stress according to psychologists can be defined “as a negative emotion experience accompanied by various psychologists, cognitive and behavioural changes” (Crane, Hannibal, 221). It is essentially a form of a physical or mental reaction produced by the body while facing adverse circumstances. Various factors such as gender and culture play a role in the effects of stress on the boy. Stress can trigger negative response from the body. The body exerts a stress response when subjected to stressors. Stressors are the “stimulus (or threat) that causes stress…”(simplepsychology.org). An
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