The Importance Of Hegemony In China

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IS THERE A HEGEMONY OF ENGLISH IN CHINA? Zhou Yijie ID: 1405022 With the development of the society and technique,the finance and culture has been globalized. English has generally been considered as a global language by the first and second dispersal (Wikipedia.2014). Consistent with the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (Oxford, 2010,p724), it means something is under control of another country or organization. Therefore language hegemony could refer to the phenomenon in which a foreign language enter into the country and become an urgent thing both in daily life, politics and finance. Finally it becomes a crucial part of the Chinese society. This essay will discuss the reasons why English do not have hegemony in China. First, Putonghua and dialects are still been applied everywhere in daily life. They are used to chat or bargain or express ideas. It is of great gravity in Chinese social life. Putonghua and dialects have taught before children go to school. They might be the first two languages they would learn in their lives. Su (2012) conducted research in Jiangsu province, a place with complex dialects and Putonghua. As the data showed in table1, in 2000 and 2010, dialects take over more than ninety percent of the individual participating in the research, which shows the large amount of the people who learn local dialects when they were young. Putonghua makes up a little part of them and the number decreased in the past decade. In table 4, people who can

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