Human rights are the rights that everyone has equally by virtue of their humanity. It is grounded in an appeal to our human nature. Christian Bay defined human rights as any claims that ought to have legal and moral protection to make sure that basic needs will be met. Christian Bay sees Human rights as those minimum rights which every individual must have against the state or other public authority by virtue of his being a member of the human family. Raphael sees human rights in a general sense denote the rights of humans.
Philosophers coming to human rights theory from ethics sometimes assume that human rights must be, at bottom, moral rather than legal rights. There is no contradiction, however, in people saying that they believe in human rights, but only when they are legal rights at the national or international levels. As Louis Henkin observed, “Political forces have mooted the principal philosophical objections, bridging the chasm between natural and positive law by converting natural human rights into positive legal rights” (Henkin 1978). Theorists who insist that the only human rights are legal rights may find, however, that the interpretations they can give of characteristics such as the universality of human rights and of their independent existence are fairly
Human rights are universal Human rights are based on the principle of respect of the individual. It also is a rights are inherent to all human being that whatever the nationality, place of residence, national or ethic origin, sex, religion, color, language,etc. Those right are indivisible and interdependent. People are all equally in human right and without any discrimination.Universal human rights are expressed by law. In this case, human rights law is responsibility by governments to act in certain ways.
Part two: Human Rights Human rights The office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights provides a concise, yet conclusive definition of what are human rights, as being: rights inherent to all human beings, whatever their nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. Everyone is equally entitled to their human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. It then adds that Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act
The respect of human rights is a central feature of a constitutional democracy. Human rights protect people from the actions of those who exercise power over them and helps to create a world in which a person could reach his full potential as a human being. We are entitled to have our human rights protected and promoted simply because human beings deserve to be treated with dignity and respect. This means that human status whether its nationality place of residence, color, sex, Ethnic color, religion or any other status humans are all entitled to fundamental human rights. Democracy insures that no one is subjected to violating human dignity and rights.
Introduction Human rights are understood as rights which belong to an individual as a consequence of being human and for no other reason. Hence human rights are the rights people are entitled to simply because they are human beings, irrespective of their citizenship, nationality, race, ethnicity, language, gender, sexuality, or abilities; human rights become enforceable when they are codified as Conventions, Covenants, or Treaties, or as they become recognized as Customary International Law. No one needs to possess a qualification in order to enjoy their human rights. It is important that one exercise their human rights otherwise they would feel like their “rights” are being infringed upon. Human rights are mandated to protect citizens and to ensure that all citizens are catered for.
How human rights shall be protected by law, as according to law equality is a right of every individual, this statement is a matter of concern as we see today; the equality is widely neglected. (Ewing, 2001) People are discriminated on the basis of sex, caste, creed, minorities etc. So while being independent and free, not everyone enjoys equality. All humans are born equal and without any discrimination of caste, creed or color but equality is still in question. Equal rights for all is a social agenda which clearly does not mean that law supports inequality rather it says that every human is created equal and the practices of discrimination that we are facing is because of the unfair treatment of one individual by another.
Human rights are what make us human. They are the principles by which we create the sacred home for human dignity. Human rights are what reason requires and conscience commands. - Kofi Annan, UN SECRETARY GENERAL The United Nation defines human rights as ’’rights underlying to all human beings, regardless of place of residence, sex, our nationality or ethnic origin, , religion, colour language, or any other status. These rights are inalienable from any individual .
Human rights equate to the extent of possession and value, which diminishes the meaning of justice. Justice shall be equated as a spiritual virtue that is based on compassion and love which in return illuminate’s human obligation. Simone notions that the human obligation is unconditional, it is a presumed responsibility to love thy neighbor and to endure the anguish of discomfort for the comfort of others. In other words, the main objective is to equalize the well-being of all by repudiating one’s self in the name of divine justice. Every man is antagonized at the forefront of affliction, and the unpretentious consideration of one’s suffering will unite societies together in communal empathy.
In about all the human rights over the world, the rights to life and personal liberties are of utmost importance. It affects the rights of every human being and brings various impact to a person’s life. Every person on earth including citizens and non-citizens has right to life and the quality or state of being free, this rights may even include artificial person such as ships and aircraft which law can be applicable towards it. The courts have said that the right to life includes a right to livelihood and quality of life, while the right to liberty includes the right to privacy. Human have the rights to enjoy social, political, or economic rights and privileges.