Childhood is protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment. ( Art.39(f) ) The state is under an obligation to provide early childhood care and education for the child till the age of 6 years. (Art .45) The state needs to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living. . ( Art.47 ) The constitution provides for a duty on the parents and guardians to provide the opportunities for education to the child between 6 and 14 years of age.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights — civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights for the protection of children. The Convention sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. The CRC recognizes that children have the same human rights as adults, while also needing special
Introduction: Children are required to be under special care to ensure the best possible growth in them. They must be assured with basic rights like right to survive, to be safe, to belong, to be heard, to receive adequate care and grow up in a protective environment . According to Art. 1 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, every person below the 18 years of age shall be considered as child, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier . If we look into the present scenario, the children are vulnerable to violations in many places including homes.
Refugees’ right is explicitly voiced in Convention 1951 by the Geneva Convention of International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) (1989) and Dakar Framework for Action (2000). More practically, however, the Millennium Development goals and (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Building on existing theories of refugee rights, this research supports the notion of how to 'translate' internationally set rights and standards into 'practice' (Hanson and Nieuwenhuys
UNICEF asserted that survival, safety and advancement of children are global imperatives that are important to human development. 1.4 Vision The vision of UNICEF is to see a place where the rights of every child are being acknowledged. The organization hopes to deliver a place where all children, especially the underprivileged, to have the same opportunities to succeed in life. 2. Organizational goals and/or objectives described (may be inferred from research) The goals of UNICEF are firstly to ensure the well-being and rights of children are being protected.
Attachment in early life is a fundamental aspect of child development and the establishment of intimate and reciprocal relationships with caregivers. Shaffer & Kipp (2007) define attachment as ‘a close emotional relationship between two persons, characterized by mutual affection and a desire to maintain proximity’. Contrary to the original view of infant attachment as a ‘secondary drive’ of the dependency on caregivers for physiological needs, such as hunger; Bowlby (1969, 1973) proposed that all infants are born with an innate bias to form an attachment to a primary attachment figure to whom they can seek comfort, or a ‘secure base’ during stressful circumstances. It is proposed by Ainsworth (1967) that parental sensitivity is crucial to shaping the security and development of the initial infant-parent attachment relationship, however the phenomenon of attachment requires both infants and caregivers to contribute in the formation of the attachment bond. Ultimately, the quality of attachment in early life shapes both the social and emotional
The process involves self-attributions which refers to the tendency to make inferences about ourselves from direct from direct observation of our behaviour and its consequences. Although all three processes are important, one could be more important than the others to develop and maintain self-esteem at a given time. One of the most important social contexts for the development and expression of self-esteem is the family. For children, family is the most important context because its major function is the socialization and care of the children. Family is the first primary group that children experience, it is the place where our most important identities take shape.
United Nations Declaration of Human Rights in Article 16 declares that “the family is the important group unit of society, and it was their responsibilities to protect the society and state too”. Family must guide their member especially children with values and norms of society. When a child was born, they carry the genetic makeup and biological traits of their parent. However, who they are as human beings will be developed through social interaction. Research says children more strong and understand when they belong to a caring and supportive family.
The Convention is most widely and quickly ratified by countries in world history. Children’s human rights education refers to education and educational practices in schools and educational institutions that are consistent with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Children’s rights of education involve the teaching and practice of children’s rights in schools and educational institutions, as informed by and consistent with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. When fully implemented, a children's rights education program consists of both a curriculum to teach children of their human rights and framework to operate the school in a manner that respects children's rights. It is a form of education that takes seriously the view that children are bearers of human rights, that children are called tomorrow’s citizens in their own right, that schools and educational institutions are learning communities where children learn the values and practices of human rights and
HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE CHILD- NATIONAL AND INTENATIONAL PERSPECTIVE By: Asst. Prof. ATUL D. KURANE Abstract: Children are the future of the nation. They must be provided home, education, nutrition and medical care. But the Child is vulnerable to all forms of exploitation and abuse in the society. The human rights of the Child need to be enumerated and recognized at all levels both at the national and international level.