In human history, a number of oppressed groups have campaigned for equality, demanding for an expansion on the moral view of life, and to be treated fairly in the eye of consideration.This means that when the matter concerns this group, their voices are heard, and treated with value, and consideration. Where this equality is not determined by an assembly of facts like that group’s collective intelligence level, the colour of their skin, or the physical strength of their bodies.This is what Peter Singer brings up in his essay: “All Animals are Equal”, that non-human animals should have equal consideration with humans when matters concern them. Going into a specific set of non-human animals known as primates, I argue that primates should have some of the fundamental rights and equal consideration that are given to humans.With humans evolving from primates, there is no logical reason why we see ourselves as a higher being than our pre evolved selves. Primates should have legal representation when it comes to events that are either caused by them, or could affect them. Primates, like humans, have a capacity to suffer, because of this they should live in a world where they do not have to feel unnecessary pain.
Along with the usage of finger joints, apes have long arms that are adaptive for knuckle-walking. The ulna has a horseshoe shaped bend towards the proximal end that function as a support beam for the humerus. Since Gorillas do not walk in an erect manner, evolutionary accommodations have been made in favor for these massive apes. Length and width of certain vertebraes in the spinal cord have been fashion to suit gorilla’s primary source of locomotion. The ischium is shorter than that of a human, while the sacrum and ilia are broader.
With similar genetics and physiological traits, it suggests that the three species are quite similar. While there are several differences between chimpanzees and bonobos, that stems from many generations of divergence after this common ancestor. Humans share some similarities with both the bonobo and the chimpanzee including diet, social and sexual tendencies, and many other things. Comparing the three species makes it clear that both bonobos and chimpanzees share a common evolutionary past to
It was what separates us from other living things. Richard Lederer wrote, “While some of these other species possessed the physical apparatus to talk, only Homo sapiens did speech tremble into birth..” in the article “The Humanness of Language”. His article is about how language is what made us humans, so if we take this universal asset to us other things follow it including comfort. Humans are so use to the ability to communicate with others, that ability is taken away we lose a sense of our humanity. This also connects back to what Seed mentions in his book that humans associated language with life and it being a characteristic of human nature.
The argument presented by Lori Gruen questions the idea of natural and normative. Lori Gruen introduces the idea of natural, pondering the idea as something instinctual or cultural. The traditionally defended argument is that dominating animals in any sense is valid since it serves our self desires(47). Furthermore, perceiving it as an evolutionary necessity as humans developed the ability to further their own interests at the expense of moral agents. On the other hand, Gruen argues the claim of evolutionary necessity is not morally permissible, and justifying the lack of moral attention for the interests of other species for the rudimentary differences between her, a moral agent, and a moral patient.
He asks ‘Why do some organisms survive and some perish?”. He then presents his idea that is more fundamental than Darwinian natural selection. Instead of looking at life from the perspective of individual organisms battling for survival, Dr. Dawkins hypothesizes that everything in life has to do with a battle for survival of the genes. He claims that the reason for life is to ensure the survival of DNA. He supports this hypothesis by comparing the cheetah and the gazelle.
The definition of morality is the distinction between right and wrong. Nevertheless, various cultures at different times in history have assorted ideas on what is a part of their moral code. Since every society develops their own independent moral code another society does not have the right to decide if it is wrong. However, there are some values are universal like the ten commandments. Moral codes are developed in various areas and time periods, no moral code is better than others, and there are some codes that are universal.
Those who support animal testing argue that animal testing in cosmetics is necessary to ensure that the product is safe for human use. They argue that “there is no adequate alternative to testing on a living whole-body system” (“Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing”), and this is why “animals are appropriate research subjects because . . . animals and humans are so biologically similar” (“Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing”).
Law is the mainframe of human rights as explained in the paragraph below. Laws are rules that give us special privileges such as the freedom of speech, gender equality and the right to a free basic education. But not all countries have the same laws as South Africa; for instance countries in Asia do not given women equal rights as men and
The article, “Of Primates and Personhood: Will According Rights and “Dignity” to Nonhuman Organisms Halt Research?” by Ed Yong is trying to convince the reader to see a different side to primates. The Great Ape Project set legal rights for chimpanzees, gorillas, bonobos, and orangutan. United Kingdom and New Zealand protect great apes from experimentation. For the Great Ape Project they are basically setting laws and higher standards for primates to me experimented on or held captive. Not everyone agrees with the GAP’s but some people do have special obligations for the great apes.
Historian Yuval Noah Harari explains the rise of humans and why we control the world. Harari believes that on an individual level we are shockingly similar to animals, especially chimpanzees. As humans, we want to believe that we are special, and look for differences to make ourselves feel superior. Harari states that because we are flexible and can cooperate in large numbers, we control the world. Harari notes that humankind are the only ones able to do this.
Did you know that chimpanzees are one of our closest relatives? Humans and chimps actually share 95% to 98% of the same DNA! Chimpanzees are actually very similar to humans and they can even catch or be infected with human diseases. Chimps are even similar to us with both body and behavior. They could also learn both american sign language and be taught human language.
While critics of this argument might find labeling chimeras as disabled to be a stretch, I think there are strong parallels to the other disabilities in the show. Chimeras are partly or mostly animal, which brings to question what defines humanity. Like with the Elric brothers, chimeras have physical benefits that come with their hybrid nature, but they still seek to be cured and returned to normal human bodies. A consistent theme in Fullmetal Alchemist is that these chimeras and those with automails are still human and have good in them. The narrative of Fullmetal Alchemist attacks the standard definition of humanity and what makes a person human (Sadler 1).
Such as, elephants, chimps, monkeys, dolphins and even octopuses. The closest thing that scientists have to a circulatory system are animals, unless humans are willing to sacrifice their life for a simple scientific cause. Another way to test on besides animal testing is through computer models but according to the California Biomedical Research Association “Computer models can only be reliable if accurate information gleaned from animal research is used to build the models in the first place”. In other words they still need to test on animals (not much, but very little) to create the model they need to test on. Furthermore, the California Biomedical Research Association also stated that “Even the most powerful,