The Importance Of Ideology

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The term ideology was firstly defined in the writings of Destutt de Tracy, a French philosopher, at the end of the 18th century. According to the New Oxford Dictionary of English, the ideology is ‘a system of ideas and ideals, especially one forming the basis of economic or political theory and policy’. Hatim and Mason (1997, p 144) define this term as ‘a set of the tacit assumptions, beliefs and value systems that can be shared collectively by social groups’. Ideology is also considered as a belief system. Hawkins (2001) stated that the ideology is a source of human conflicts and should be considered a crucial phenomenon like language in translation process. A set of beliefs and value systems forming the ideology has a commanding influence on the society. Ideology is a way of viewing the world by individuals and institutions. In Mooney’s study (2011, p 218), the term ideology is defined as a body of ideas or a set of beliefs held by people in their native language. Translation is a political activity and product being the result of process of the negotiation among different agents including the translators, readers, as well authors. While taking this factor into consideration, the ideology can be also given such definition: an action without knowledge or false consciousness. Ideology is a term which can be viewed both in positive and negative political sense. From a negative political sense, ideology is identified as ‘a system of wrong, false, distorted or otherwise

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