From the 1870’s to 1900’s, Britain had one of the largest and most powerful armies in the world. With that sort of potential, it would’ve been a mistake not to colonize Africa. Taking control of the tip of Africa was extremely strategic of Britain, as from there they could control the trading routes and begin settling for future invasions and in the end, colonization. Also, the new Capitalist society forming because of Britain’s industrial revolution developed social problems many obvious social problems. The gap between the rich and the poor was larger than ever, and homelessness was on the rise as cities became extremely dense and overpopulated.
The Europeans used the military to force Africa into letting them have their land. Africa used their military to fight back. With both of them using their militaries, it often created conflict. he European imperialist designs and pressures of the late nineteenth century provoked African political and diplomatic responses and eventually military resistance. During and after the Berlin Conference various European countries sent out agents to sign so-called treaties of protection with the leaders of African societies, states, kingdoms, decentralized societies, and empires.
The European colonies have played an important role in moulding the African social, economic and cultural existence. Imperialism is considered as the source of colonization and post colonialism in the history of the African nations. Imperialism emerges out as a strong hold in most the colonized nations before Europeans has come to the colonized countries. Imperialism, Colonialism and Post colonialism are the most frequently used terminology of the last centuries. The task of the writers is to present the realistic approach of the ruler and exploitation of the native black African
Nationalism in the 19th century truly set the boundaries for Europe’s newly reformed nations. With technological innovations like the steam engine and Maxim rifle European countries now held a power truly feared by others. With this power, they began to triumphantly expand all over the world. Africa was the country that bore the most sufferable pain. Europe imperialism over Africa resulted in situations where people like King Leopold completely abused and mistreated entire African tribes.
Lastly, when European empires touch foot in Africa to gain the many resources this continent provided, it created acts of genocide. In 1884, the Berlin conference took place, dividing Africa into the hands of several different empires. Countries such as Rwanda took a turn with the empires powers. The Indigenous groups of Rwanda, which were the Hutus and Tutsis were peaceful till Germany took hold of the country. During the time Germany had power over Rwanda, they gave the Tutsis higher status and the key position.
Things Fall Apart Whether British Imperialism in Africa was good or bad is still a hot topic today, despite the fact that it happened a century ago. Imperialism is when the Europeans invaded Africa and colonized it and forced their culture onto the natives. Even though there were definitely some positive effects for Africans, the effects of imperialism in Africa were mostly negative; borders weren't placed well, native Africans were made as slaves, and religion was forced upon them. Some positive results are the following: Europeans brought new crops, some political stability, education/ literacy, and better medical care including hospitals and medicines. These were indeed beneficial to the African people, but the long term negative consequences outnumber the long term positive greatly.
By the mid 1800’s Britain was mainly interested in opening markets for its manufactured goods in West Africa. Although in order to meet their trade interests, Britain was required to seize all power of the coastal chiefs. By 1850, British trading was mainly focused in Lagos and the Niger river. Because British administration had fully taken over Nigeria, trade was disrupted because of the Yoruba civil wars (Mckenzie 2017, 20). With the establishment of railroads in India, they became increasingly valuable to the British.
Foe or Friend, Terrorist or Hero: Nelson Mandela Due to British harsh and racially determined rule over South Africa, independence could only be achieved through the use of (political) disobedience and violence, but to what extent were Nelson Mandela’s participation in such violent activities justified? Being a British colony for decades has marked South Africa and left an everlasting effect on its politics and community. Initially, the British arrived in South Africa in 1785. By the late 1800s, gold was discovered in approximate territories. Their territories are of course then annexed, leading to a series of wars (Anglo-Boer War).
Imperialism is just exercising power over the ruled counties either through dominion or indirect mechanisms of control. Imperialism defines the power of one civilization or group over another; however this can occur in many different procedures outside colonial territory growth. The key is that it includes the defeat of the whole indigenous people. Imperialism has a longer history than Colonialism, The history of colonialism dates back to 15th century and Imperialism has its backgrounds dating back to the Romans. TYPES OF COLONIALISM THE DEMISE OF COLONIALISM Formations and analyses of colonialism in Africa have been affected quite significantly by how the death of colonialism is understood Jean (2002).
Since the late nineteenth century, the rapid expansion of trade and colonial rule in tropical Africa has intensified the creative writers ' ambition to focus on not just isolated black figures but also on the entire African race. One sees a link here with the European sense of power, imperialistic adventure, and hostility towards Africans and the Red Indians beyond the Age of Discovery which may have inevitably brought about some polarised racial attitudes in Shakespeare 's Titus Andronicus, Othello, and The Tempest. All these Elizabethan English plays for a Eurocentric audience depict an image of Africans as ignoble slaves, paupers, and victims in exile far away from their original homeland. Thus literary creativity for the sake of entertainment seems to be relegated for political and racist causes by Shakespeare, Defoe, and others. The Polish-born writer, Joseph Conrad, in early twentieth century continued to do more or less the same thing.