However after World War One, Rwanda was given to Belgium who divided the country into three groups: the Hutus, Tutsi and Twa. The colonists believed that the Tutsi were a superior group because they were more "white" looking '.  The Hutus were therefore persecuted until 1959 when the Hutus overthrew the Tutsi government. However source nine depicts that before this time, the Hutus were forced to pay the Tutsis in order to work on their land and were treated as second class citizens. In addition 'any peasants who opposed the evolving order were treated with unmitigated harshness '.
Summary of the text: Adam Hochschild’s King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa is a historical fiction published in 1998 (Hochschild, 1998). It comprises a myriad of evidence to testify the Belgian King Leopold II’s atrocities in Congo between 1885 and 1908 for the sake of capturing the attention of various readers towards the Belgian imperialist delinquencies through a detailed narration of a number of main characters’, including George Washington Williams and William Henry Sheppard, experiences in Belgian Congo (Hochschild, 1998). In this excerpt, it illustrates William’s peaceful exploration in Congo as the first American-Black missionary. During his journey, not only did he explore the Congolese culture,
Kennedy too was convinced that Lumumba, with his ties to the Soviet Union was a threat. Mountz shared Kennedy’s view of Lumumba’s influence by sharing his quote: Lumumba would “continue to cause difficulties in the Congo whether he is in control of the government, in jail or released” (Mountz, 156). For this reason, Mountz states: “The Kennedy administration continued to plot against Patrice Lumumba, the self-avowed nationalist and ﬁrst democratically elected prime minister in the Congo, and employed bribery, blackmail, and threats in order to have Cyrille Adoula elected as prime minister in August
Imperialism is defined as “the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies” (Imperialism). The worst of Imperialism, takes place in the Belgian Congo, in which the Europeans only cared about power, and did everything possible to maintain it. According to Charlie Wesley, “Belgian colonists in the Congo during the late 18th century enforced their reign through a variety of brutal means. Conscription, severe labor practices, torture, killing and burning villages by the Force Publique as well as employing Capitas were just some of the practices through which the imperial center tried to control the native people of the Congo” (Wesley). In addition, Benita Parry states “Conrad’s work is speaking against imperialism “in its intimations of what may yet come out of an “Africa” that lies beyond its own epistemologically constrained field of vision” (Wesley 23).
From the Portuguese enslavement of the people of the Congo to European nations, ‘Scrambling for Africa’, in hopes of harnessing resources for self-serving means of profit. This obsessive desire manifests itself in the novel, The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair and Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence. Both authors write about the greed of higher supremacy. Sinclair’s characters, abused by the power of greed led by selfish men, face injustice in a corrupt system that prohibits the attainment of the American Dream. Similarly, Thomas Jefferson challenges the abuse of power and conveys the
The European missionaries contributed in forming racial grouping between the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda that led to genocide. Furthermore, from the beginning the missionaries did not unite the two races in Rwanda; in fact, Roman Catholic missionaries were seen as experts in the field of the complicated social relations of the Rwandan population. The Christians were observing everything as the Catholic churches built separate schools for Hutus and for Tutsis following the Hamitic theory of race origins, which taught that the Tutsi were a superior race. When the genocide started the church could not be set apart since some leaders of the church contributed in encouraging the Hutus to kill the Tutsis as they deliver the Tutsis who took refuge
Therefore, both the colonization of Congo and their regression contributed to the changes made in the Congolese lifestyle and their economy which particularly arose through the vast labour camp set by the king, Belgians brainwashing the Congolese, and Congo’s regression after their independence. King Leopold II saw Congo as his economic colony where he used fear and torture to produce large amounts of rubber and a large supply of minerals. He converted Congo into a vast labour camp to keep up with the world’s high demands for rubber. Victims including explorers and missionaries all insisted for the King to stop. There were even calls for King Leopold II to be hanged at the New International Court of
Therefore, his picture of imperialist misrule and callousness in the backward countries had in those days an undeniable relevance. Conrad’s denunciation of the imperialist rule in the Congo had a valuable message for both the exploiters and the
This greed grew strong and grew into the establishment of imperialism through the use of slavery. While the greed is still growing the English have know lost all of their moral value and have cast aside the meaning of life for the Natives of the Congo. This hunger of greed allowed the civilized to become the uncivilized “savages” they paint the Natives to be. Mr. Kurtz is the man that the english view as the idol in a way but dies seeing “The Horror”(154) of all the darkness the “light”(68) has made. Works Cited Qu, Caie.
• The responsibility for that introduction, known as the "white man 's burden," gave rise to a fervor to bring Christianity and commerce to Africa. In return, the Europeans took huge quantities of ivory out of Africa. • During the 1890s, at the time Heart of Darkness takes place, ivory was in enormous demand in Europe, where it was used to make jewelry, piano keys, and billiard balls, among other items. • In 1892, Leopold II declared all natural resources in the Congo Free State to be his property. This meant the Belgians could stop dealing with African traders and simply take what they wanted themselves.
George Washington Williams, an African American legislator, and Kande Kamara, an African colonial subject, both experienced some of the most brutal products of European Imperialism. Williams, in the late nineteenth century, toured the Belgian controlled Congo and witnessed the harsh measures King Leopold implemented to maintain absolute control and bleed the country of its resources. Kamara, on the other hand, bore witness to the end result of overzealous imperial ambitions when he was forced to fight for the allies in the trenches of WWI. These two men’s experiences, although considerably different, both shed light on Europe’s colonial philosophy of racism and ethnic superiority and its position of immense power during this period. Both
The only thing the Leopold cared about was the amount of profit he could get from his colony. He tried to make himself look like a philanthropist in the eyes of the people. He even created International African Association which many people believed it was to help Africans. He was also called the "greatest humanitarian work of this time" (46). Leopold presented the Congo as scientific exploration while he had Stanley make a monopoly over the ivory and rubber in the Congo.