The No Child Left Behind Act passed in 2001 by the George W. Bush administration is an act that aimed to close the achievement gap in public schools in order to ensure no child is “left behind”. Many people who know about this act criticize its effectiveness and its methods of achieving this unreachable goal. Not everyone is aware of the details and strict requirements that were set once this program was started, so I will explore the pros, the cons, and the outcomes of this program.
Society has significantly become more understanding and aware of people with disabilities since the establishment of Public Law 94-142. By incorporating parents, teachers, and health care professionals in the evaluation process, the child has a better chance of having their needs met with all the challenges they face in school and at
Making content accessible for all students can be a difficult task. Classrooms are filled with diverse learners from all different backgrounds with different strengths, needs, home languages and learning styles. This is particularly true in a moderate to severe special education classrooms where students have varying levels of academic, developmental, communication and social abilities.
The following paper will present and explain inclusion’s purpose, its benefits for both special and non-special needs students, as well as its drawbacks.
Do you get nervous before taking a test? On March 14, 2002, the Sacremento Bee reported that "test related jitters are so common that the Stanford 9 exam comes with instructions on what to do with a test booklet if the student vomits on it. The use of standerdizd testing has been implemented into American schools since the 1800's. The United States dropped from 18th in math internationally to 27th in 2012. The blame is being set on a few different things, including poverty levels going up, teacher quality, and standerdized testing. Arguments for standerdized testing say the tests are fair and are a good measurement of student achievement. Opponents claim the testing adds unwanted stress, anxiety, and a negative 'teach to the test' attitude.
Henry Ford once said, “Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress. Working together is success” (Brainy Quote). From here, the concept of inclusive education, including students with and without learning disabilities as peers in the same classroom, originated. The aim of this type of education is to get students with learning disabilities involved in the society. Teachers and fellow students will also provide help for students with disabilities; in this way, students with learning disabilities will be motivated to study as they feel that they are a part of a group instead of being isolated in special places. Thus, they will achieve higher grades. Moreover, they will be greatly engaged in the society as they are building bridges with their peers from several backgrounds. On the long run, teachers, parents, and the society as a whole would develop. Students with learning disabilities should be included in the “normal” classroom because it improves their academic performance, social behavior, and communication language.
Explain the relationship between disability and special educational needs. Explain the nature of the particular disabilities and/or special educational needs of children and young people with whom they work. Explain the special provision required by children and young people with whom they work. Explain the expected pattern of development for disabled children and young people and those with special educational needs with whom they work
Inclusion is vital in helping to provide quality education for SEN pupils. “above all, inclusion is about a philosophy of acceptance where all pupils are valued and treated with respect” (Carrington & Elkins, 2002). Inclusion is often thought to be the location of your education but is more often than not about the quality of one’s education. The location has little to do with inclusion but more to do with where you feel you belong, some SEN children feel they cannot truly belong in a large mainstream school (Campbell, 2005). Sociological perspectives of inclusion often emphasis equality, respect, participation in decision making, rights, and collective belonging. Frequently when focusing on the biological model of primarily thinking about
Diversity means to have an appreciation or admirations for many different things like sexuality, religion, ethnicity, gender. Each person brings something different to the table. Everybody is different, even twins have at least one thing about it that differentiates it from the other. Nobody is the same and we as people, should embrace and respect that. Inclusion is when you value others and respect them for who they are. This value and respect can be shown by doing whatever it takes to accommodate or help each person achieve their potential. Caring enough to cater to others.
Special education is a discipline marked by a lot of controversy and which elicits a heated debate among education administrators, parents, and teachers. Full inclusion, which is the belief that disabled students should be incorporated into regular classrooms, regardless of whether they meet conventional curricular standards or not, is the major point of controversy. Full inclusion embraces the idea that disabled students should undertake regular education and only be excluded in a class when important services cannot be offered to them (Nelson, Palonsky, & McCarthy, 2010). This paper seeks to delve into the arguments surrounding full inclusion and establish their validity. It will achieve this by highlighting the arguments for and against
According to Ripley, S. (1998), traditionally, special education teachers worked with students in a self-contained environment as well as the general education teachers worked in a room alone. However, overtime, learning disabled students more and more are being included in regular education classes. Therefore, the need for collaboration between the regular education teacher and the special education teacher continues to grow. Today, many schools are setting up cooperative teaching programs that team a special education teacher with a team of regular education teachers in order to reach all students and have them all benefit from the same lesson plans. The special added exception is that the learning-disabled students have the extra benefit of having someone who specializes in
According to Mitchell (1999), ‘inclusive education is taken to mean that schools accommodate children’s different styles and rates of learning and to respect
According to UNESCO, inclusive education is a process of addressing and responding to the diverse needs of all children by increasing participation in learning and reducing exclusion within and from education (Nguyet and Ha 2010). Inclusive education is a process of increasing the presence, participation and achievement of all learners (Booth and Ainscow 2002). The process involves mainstreaming children with special educational needs into regular classroom settings, allowing them to learn side by side with their peers without disabilities. Inclusive education implies that children with special educational needs have to attend mainstream schools they would have attended if they did not have a disability. Mainstreaming children with special needs education has a positive impact on both social and academic learning for children with and without special needs (Farrell 2000). Bunch (2008) views the inclusive education philosophy as socially just and more effective in both academic and social spheres. Worldwide, the educational authorities have adopted the principle of inclusion to address the social and moral obligation to educate all learners (Forbes
Every child can learn and every child must learn with inclusive pedagogy through accessibility of education. If it is not, I am determine to make it become accessible by any means small or large.
At home we can support inclusion by watching culturally diverse programming. Parents can expose their children to culturally diverse programming. In doing so, we can talk about racial issues and acceptance. Setting examples of inclusion for the next generation is key in fixing cultural diversity and racism as a whole.