(2006) that it becomes vital for SLPs to understand their client and have knowledge of behavioural principles or else it will lead to bad behaviour and attitude. SLPs who neglect the clients’ verbal and non-verbal attempt to gain social attention and only response when the client start to tantrum will create assumption that inappropriate behaviour will lead to reinforcement while good attitude is useless. Hence, the frequency for maladaptive behaviour for sake of communication will keep inclining. If the inappropriate behaviour is blindly followed by some sort of punishment, it is believed that the declining of the improper attitude is only temporary. Besides, the punishment from the SLPs might turn out as reinforcement from the client’s point of view As a conclusion, operant conditioning is a method that can be associated with behaviourism theory.
As Prinz (Prinz,2011) states, humans decide whether something is wrong by their feelings. If that situation makes them uncomfortable in a way, us, the humans, conclude that is wrong. According to this, people’s moral judgments are based on their emotional states. Further support for my point can be seen in research by psychologist Simone Schnall (cited in Prinz, 2011), as her experiment about putting people in uncomfortable situations, for example forcing them to watch a disgusting movie, lead them to make more severe judgments even about an unrelated topic. If morals are based on emotions then people who lack strong emotions must be blind to morality.
Deficit theory believes that the reason children don 't succeed is because of their social, cultural, linguistic and economic factors. The deficit theory has been accused of making assumptions of the child. The Difference theory is pretty much the complete opposite. The teachers should be
As indicated by Agnew, deviance happens when an individual has neglected the idea of accomplishing positively valued goals, positively valued goals are dismissed, or a individual has a confrontation with the negative stimuli. The main strain, failure to achieve the positively valued goals, is the sort that is normally alluded to by exemplary strain and anomie. When dealing with children or juveniles, a study noted that it was more proper to gauge the
My cousin can draw on two social psychology theories surrounding aggression, as well as use knowledge of conformity to dissuade Justin’s problematic behaviour. The first thing Justin’s father can do is address how Justin deals with frustration (Week 9 Notes). Social psychologists agree one of the best determinants of aggressive behaviour is frustration, so assessing frustration before it manifests into aggression could be effective. With that said, there are various ways that this could be approached. My recommendation uses the Neo-Associationistic Account of Aggression, with the idea that an aversive event leads to anger, and ultimately aggression.
What Is Right About Having Children? Some philosophers hold that having children is impermissible under any circumstances, call this view global anti-natalism. Among these philosophers, David Benatar (2006) introduces a famous asymmetry argument on individuals’ evaluation of pain, pleasure, absence of pain and absence of pleasure (30-31). Based on this argument, Benatar believes, “Being brought into existence is not a benefit but always a harm” (28); thus global anti-natalism (i.e. it is always wrong to have children).
(Cipani. 2004). If you implement a punishment contingency towards a child's bad behavior you must supplement the reinforcement with punishment in which would be rewarding for the child. Conclusions Therefore, the six basic principles of effective punishment in which are most relevant for consideration when using procedures that may function as punishment to change any child's given behavior where explained how the factors influenced the given contingency to function as a Punisher. Eliminating bad behavior should begin at an early age for a child by implementing the correct punishment and keeping consistent with the behavioral intervention.
To contribute to the psychological growth of children, parents can also be evaluated for the upbringing of their child and how their actions affect the different levels of their child’s core development system. Parents, being the most influential factor in the contribution to a child’s behavior during growth, closely monitor and filter behavior into what they consider wrong and right through different means of discipline. Discipline like this can be easily separated into two categories: reward, and punishment. Punishment, when used as a primary form of discipline, can hinder the cognitive development of their children. This can produce a psychological turmoil within the child and often leads to several forms of depression and anxiety
Furthermore, Flores (2016) mentioned in her study that Garcia (2011) stated that not knowing how to handle accordingly inappropriate behaviors may result to numerous problems on the part of the teacher and /or child. Some researchers show that when children exhibitunproductive classroom behaviors, maximum learning is not met and this will cause teachers to spend more energy and time attending these behaviors rather than helping children learn effectively and efficiently. Children are characteristically active and adventurous, and because they have lots of energy to burn, they are always on the go. According to ADHD Society of the Philippines, 20% to 25% of children experience hyperactivity. However, Villar (2011) highlighted Owen Villar understanding about
If a grade drops below a C, the athlete will not be allowed to compete until he or she improves the grade. The negative reinforcement of not being allowed to compete often motives a student to quickly do what is needed to improve his or her grade. These examples of positive and negative reinforcement are also examples of behaviorism in action.”- http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-behaviorism.html#AsQGoIwQW5sGBsRC.99 video link - https://youtu.be/KYDYzR-ZWRQ COGNTIVE LEARNING THEORY Cognitive learning theory refers to how knowledge is begotten, arranged, kept and regained by our brain. it also studies the behavior of people towards the environment and how they think in terms of using knowledge. As it is not a must for learners to learn.