The primarily idea of the debate is that biological theorists say children who lived in the same setting would develop different of personality while social theorists argue that identical twins who were raised separately in the different places would develop a different outcomes (Heffner, 2003). However, meanwhile the scientists try to understand the origin of homosexuality, number of theories about homosexuality developed. As a result, the American Psychological Association (APA) that was once identified homosexuality to be a mental disorder, had eventually removed homosexuality from the lists of diagnoses and disorders (APA online,
In a third and final point, we’ll consider that both gender studies and feminism should be studied separately because gender studies goes further and takes into account sexual characteristics and oppression in general rather than only social oppression towards a biological sex, being women. Gender is something different from social movements. Indeed, in general, gender studies bring to a reflexion on what is being a male and what is being a female according to time and places. The main goal of these studies is to observe how a sex is supposed to reproduce a common thinking and acting according to its societal past. According to Joan Scott, one of the main and first theorists of gender studies: "In grammar, gender is understood to be a way of classifying phenomena, a socially agreed upon system of distinctions rather than an objective description of inherent traits.
The debate over equality, its meaning and how or if it may be achieved, and its relevance to women’s liberation – a debate that is often referred to in feminist writings as the equality-difference debate – is, as was argued in the introduction, central to feminist analysis and discussion. This equality-difference debate is all the more difficult to overcome as it is a debate whose terms are not easily defined. Put crudely, it is a debate over whether women should struggle to be equal to men or whether they should valorize their differences from men. But the terms equality and difference are themselves contested terms with a multitude of meanings, and so the equality-difference debate is a highly complex one. If women are claiming equality with
Not only are there conflicting labels regarding the transpopulations, but there is also a misrepresentation of trans-latino existence in the United States. I found it interesting that there are different stigmas arising from social networks for transgender women and transgender men in both Latin America and US latino contexts. Overall, it became clear that there are several obstacles to the studies of Latina/o transpopulations, which includes the lack of visibility and ambiguous practices of categorization. Ochoa also categories four trends and gaps in Latina/o transpopulations literature. This includes work that focuses Latinx trans experiences, inclusion within larger projects such as sexuality or LGBT history, description in public health information, and cultural, oral, or ethnographic studies on queer Latinidad.
Gender and Identity in the Twenty-First Century The Merriam Webster Online Dictionary defines the term ‘gender’ as: “the behavioural, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated with one sex”, whereas the definition of ‘sex’ reads: “distinguished respectively as female or male especially on the basis of their reproductive organs and structures” (Merriam-webster.com, 2016). In the past, and up until today, many people believed that the terms ‘gender’ and ‘sex’ are interchangeable. As the definitions of these words display, this is an incorrect view. This essay will discuss the issues surrounding gender in the twenty-first century and how the emergence of transgender (trans) individuals (focusing on Caitlyn Jenner, in particular) in the spotlight of mainstream Western media is revolutionising the discussions and dialogue around and with transgendered people. Gendered issues are still a point of contention in almost all societies and cultures, with rife transphobia and sexism being practiced almost unconsciously by many of the world’s cisgender (people who identify as the gender assigned to them as a result of their biological sex) population.
For queer theory, there is no such thing—gender identity is a fiction, an artificial performative product. But the lived experience of many transsexuals of having a fixed, ahistorical self-conception of being a man or a woman presents a challenge to gender performativity’s theorizations. If transsexuals are socialized like everyone else to be normatively gendered according to the sex they were assigned with at birth, then why is it that they keep on affirming another gender, even if they have not been taught to perform it? This is most evident in cases of young transgender
Thus, in our gendered society the wearing of a dress is intrinsically linked with the feminine gender and the concept of identifying as a woman. Cross-dressing challenges this binary structure, in some cases, while in others it reinforces the normative practices pertaining to gender. A figure like Grayson Perry, who unapologetically presents himself as ‘a man in a dress’ subverts this preconceived gender role that dresses are for women, whereas in other instances — EJ for example, who was previously referenced, in conversation with Grayson Perry notes that his own aversion to and fear of wearing a dress as a transgender man feeds further into the restrictive masculine/feminine binary. (Channel 4, 2016, b)
Gender Equality Gender equality – a brief introduction Human rights are for all human beings, men as well as women. This means that women are entitled to the same human rights as men. However, all over the world women have historically often been discriminated against in many ways, due to the fact that they are born as female and not male. Even though there have been some improvements, unfortunately, this kind of discrimination still exist in our societies. When trying to explain gender equality, it is good to start with a definition of the words sex and gender: Sex: Biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women.
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW Sexual fluidity and gender fluidity are relatively unfamiliar terms, therefore in this review the author will summarize some of the main studies on the fluidity of sexual and gender identity. This literature review aims to highlight some of the common misunderstandings in relation to sexuality and gender identity. The justification against doing this is to show that identity is not binary or fixed but can include multiplicities and individuals can experience fluidity in attractions or in their self-identity. 2.1 What is Gender Fluidity? Queer theory has defined the differences between sex, gender and desire (Seidman, J., 2005).
Gender is it a concept or is it made apparent by our DNA when you are born or does it change as you grow older? Often gender is something that society defines at birth. According to society certain gender roles are pre established when we are born. The majority of society believes that if you are born to a specific gender you should adhere to the gender roles while other people believe that instead we may be born to a gender but it does not always decide if you are that gender. Science has proven that just because you are born a male or female does not mean that you mentally see yourself as that gender.