E-GOVERNMENT and ANTI-CORRUPTION Corruption In this part of research paper, there is information about corruption in many terms. Corruption varies in different conditions such as actors, time, sectors, resources, materials, places...etc. There are many effects possible to cause corruption and many harmful consequences possible in both society and economy. Although the corruption generally come with illegality, it is possible with legal ways by political patronage and nepotism. Definition of corruption depends local variables for instance laws and culture of that area change the perception and definition of corruption.
Generally politics for good governance and corruption control tools are used mains of transmitting information the study is based on primary data, secondary data and data collection. Relation of Politics for Good Governance and Corruption Control The vertical working structure seems to have in keen relationship with national politics. The smugglers and traffickers have got political patronage and protection in most of the cases. Similarly, reputed business houses and business icons have close linkage and bosom relation with political parties. The political parties get financial back up of the trading people.
Abstract This research project is about, hate speech, right to freedom of speech & expression, present landscape of hate speech in politics and role of media in this. The research proves that there is a rise in hate speech during elections. Many political leaders are accused of giving hate speeches during elections just to gain the sympathy of their vote bank. But they forget that it may end up in apathy in the society. In many cases, people get involved just to get the limelight.
Public-Choice theory The politicians, Bureaucrats, and citizens all have self-interested perspectives. The political in influence on citizens made them obtain special benefits from the governmental policies. This police provide restriction s towards resources. Politicians utilize the governmental resources as well to sustain their power of authority. Public officials and the bureaucrats involved in taking bribes from benefit seeking citizens and do business on their side.
Censorship takes a number of forms everywhere from the filter used in a school to the Great Firewall of China. The debate on Internet censorship stems from when it is ineffective or when it is taken too far and when it is used to push personal agendas. People who oppose the idea of Internet censorship claim that it violates the law that is protected by the First Amendment in the United States of America. They also claim that it limits educational resources by filtering some inappropriate content. For example what if someone wanted to search for information about a controversial topic such as sexuality or the usage of drugs, he may be unable to properly educate himself as needed.
For instance, in several tiny places like registration offices, police stations, state licensing boards, and lots of alternative non-public and government sectors. 2. Grand Corruption: Grand corruption is outlined as corruption occurring at the very best levels of state during a manner that needs important subversion of the political, legal and economic systems. Such corruption is usually found in countries with authoritarian or dictatorial governments however additionally in those while not adequate policing of corruption. The government system in several countries is split into the legislative, govt and judiciary branches in a shot to produce freelance services that ar less subject to grand corruption thanks to their independence from each
Since ‘‘Aid is an essential source of funding for Nauru’s development’’ (Anon., 2014) .Corruption and regional perceptions of corruption in Nauru has been damaging to the country’s reputation and has created obstacles to local and foreign direct investment, economic growth and will eventually mislead the development and upliftment of the people. Public money is for government services and projects. However, corruption and bad management consume into the nation’s wealth, directing money away from projects and the very people most dependent on government for support. Countless studies around the world (Mauro (1995), Tanzi and Dawoodi (1997), Ehrlich and Lui (1999)…) show how corruption can disturb investment, restrict trade, reduce economic growth and affect government expenditure. There are also studies that show the relationship between corruption in certain countries to increasing levels of poverty and income inequality.
It is abuse of bestowed power or position to acquire a personal benefit. Corruption may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement. Government, or 'political', corruption occurs when an office-holder or other governmental employee acts in an official capacity for personal gain . Right to Information gives the power to look in to the matters of government. RTI stood behind the whistleblowers to stop the corruption.
Fourth, bureaucracy can comes to social group those who work in bureaus. This might give to anybody who really works in an office, whether public or private. (Page, 1992). “Besides that, the defining of corruption as a mind in politics and government has been the subject of extensive academic analysis and commentary. Corruption, for instance, has been assume to be bribery and like acts, with small attention given to the exact contours of this idea or what the use of this idea added up to the simple list of forbidden acts.” (Rotberg, 2009) Corruption between governments can take place at both the political and the bureaucratic phase.
But the fact that a title that is supposed to honor one’s contribution is monetised does shed some light on the extent and pervasiveness of corruption in the country. There is a need for the government to seriously address corruption lest the country sinks deeper, even though it is difficult to imagine any other acts of corruption that can be more shoddy and disappointing than Najib’s 1MDB