From a personal standpoint, miscommunication as Tannen defines it, could be interpreted as a smoke screen that allows individuals the leeway to emphasize the issues of difference over those of unequal power. Therefore, the view of continuously poor communication between either sexes is entirely pessimistic. What is evident, is that men know how to exactly communicate in the rapport-talk (which Tannen assign to women) and in sympathy building exchanges provided they are communicating with women that they wish to establish serious relationships with. When it suits their resolve, men experience no difficulty in speaking in a manner that women may find appealing and
Gender Roles can be defined as roles society expects people to play on account of their sex life. Like all roles, gender roles are made up of sets of expectations, so they can be thought of as sets of expiations, so they can be thought of as sets of expectation that are attached to sex. (pp: 220 John E. Farley & Michael W. Flota). Gender roles are separate patterns of personality traits, mannerisms, interests, attitudes, and behaviors that are regarded as either male or female by one 's culture. Gender roles are also exist with respect to interpersonal behavior (it still common for men to ask women for dates than vice versa).
When a woman tries to do her own thing, she still appeals to the men for approval. Women’s power appears to be only measured by their relationship with other men. It is insinuated that women are not worthy enough to have the same power as men. Generally, the women is thought to act foolish and emotional to please the men. Women try to prove their equality to men, but generally, the masculinity is the superior
On the contrary, hostile sexism is having negative, unfavorable notions and behave accordingly against women (Glick and Fiske, 1997). In their Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) to measure people’s sexist attitudes, Glick and Fiske (1996) exemplified some items: “Men should sacrifice to provide for women” for benevolent sexism and “Most women interpret innocent remarks as sexist” for hostile sexism. According to them, these two type of statement, together, claim sexism but in different ways, in different kind of thinking. It is suggested that benevolent sexism is significant to deal with because it is like white man’s burden. According to story, white man has a duty given by God to enlighten and to develop the world.
A gender bias is not implied clearly in the text although there are clear suggestions towards certain perceptions of the sexes. There seems to be some qualities that guide the development of characters based on whether they are female or male. The gender roles and identities reflect an image that is very typical in the Western world in the early 20th century which makes the text well suited for its time. The context of time explains the perception of Loretta as a weak and sensitive woman while the men, especially Ned Bashford, are portrayed as educated and intellectually intelligent which creates a traditional division between femininity and masculinity. Loretta is continuously described as uncertain and sensitive to emotions and affections from other people: “That’s the trouble.
The issue of status as regards the males and the females is what dictates the way in which males and females are regarded in the event that they violate the prescribed code of conduct that is attributed to their respective genders. According to Feinman, in relation to the social status model, he writes that the men have a status that is superior to that of women. Going by the model on social status, then men will more often than not face an unfavorable evaluation, should they violate the prescribed code of conduct for their gender this is because, the violation means that they lose class when they deviate from a status of a higher nature to a status that is low. For women whenever they deviate from perceived traits are assumed to be transforming from a lower status to a higher status. Hence the social perception with regard to the violation of gender role stereotypes is positive to a large extent.
These attributes of “masculinity” in men are often the effects of women finding these characteristics attractive in men. We will notice the effects that these roles have on men, including stress and disconnection that men may feel. Men in the American society form strict
In general, which respects to sex differences, Margaret Mead says that although many societies are different in the way that they treat men and women, every culture has some “societal” standards for each sex which distance from the biological differences (Henley and Thorne 43). It exists a global stereotype about women which is the low power they have in comparison to men in society since males tend to be more dominant and they try to have a figure of a ruler. “Women are often more supportive, polite, and expressive, talk more about home and family, and use more words implying feeling, evaluation, interpretation, and psychological state” (Adelaide Haas 616). Haas suggested four different aspects, such as, form, topic, content and use of the
Second, Feminist theories hold that in view of male centric sexism—that is, the esteeming of men and manliness over ladies and womanliness—ladies and young ladies have been efficiently rejected or minimized in criminology, both as experts and as subjects of study (Dodge, 2002). Therefore, a center rule of Feminist theories is to incorporate female points of view and encounters in all examination and practice. Feminist theories, however, don 't regard ladies or men as homogenous gatherings yet rather perceive that sexual orientation benefit shifts crosswise over various gatherings of ladies and men (Daly & Chesney-Lind, 1988). In this manner, a third basic standard of Feminist theories is to look at criminal culpable, exploitation, and criminal equity handling with regards to various crossing social elements, including—notwithstanding sex, race, and ethnicity—social class, age, and sexual introduction. Fourth, Feminist theories not just endeavor to clarify criminal culpable, exploitation, and criminal equity handling yet in addition consolidate hypothesis with training to grow more impartial and only answers for the wrongdoing
Furthermore, academic research has argued that the different methods of communication between genders shows the different priorities between the male and female gender during conversation. For example, the male gender tend to be more goal-oriented, focusing on achieving tangible outcomes by using a more assertive communication style, while the female gender tend to be more relationship-oriented focusing on “building bridges”, using a more cooperative communication style to do so (Merchant, 2012). As for Big- Five personality dimensions, the trait of neuroticism is most related to emotional intelligence. The reason is because neuroticism is defined as a tendency to easily experience unpleasant emotions such as anxiety, anger, or depression