INTRODUCTION High altitude cause many problem in human being due to sudden fall in atmospheric pressure at higher altitude decreases the partial pressure of inspired oxygen and hence the driving pressure for gas exchange in the lungs . For sustain a life aerobic organisms require oxygen is an essential element for their metabolic activity. It is used to final acceptor of electrons in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, where it allow the process of oxidative phosphorylation and the generation of cellular energy, in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Cell requires a constant ratio of ATP for the survival under the normoxic condition. [2,3] Therefore, hypoxia leads to a condition of which inadequate level of oxygen is supplied to the
Copper has a role in synthesis and release of proteins and enzymes involved in cellular energy, nerve regulation, blood clotting and oxygen transport. Copper stimulates immune system, repairing injured tissues and in healing. Copper helps to neutralize free radicals which cause damage to cells. The human body has complex homeostatic mechanisms by which a constant supply of copper is maintained, while eliminating the excess copper absorbed from food. The Absorption of copper depends on the copper content, form of the copper and
Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service Copper Copper is an essential trace mineral, present in all body tissues, which plays a role in the formation of connective tissue, and in the normal functioning of muscles and the immune and nervous system. copper is necessary to The human body because of copper very important for normal growth and health, too Copper along with iron is a critical component in the formation of red blood cells, and can prevent osteoporosis and promotes healthy connective tissues ( skin, nails, hair, and blood vessels).
One of the most crucial functions of Calcium is the strengthening of bones. Phosphorus is used to generate energy for the body. The bones constantly release minerals in order for processes to undergo. It is also essential for minerals to flow well for digestion to occur. Smooth muscles are tissues that line hollow organs for example blood vessels and digestive tracts.
With the importance of potassium in a person's body and all the functions it does, what happens if there is a deficiency of potassium? Not only does it play a crucial role in how a person's muscles work effectively, which was explained earlier in the paper. However, potassium is also important when it comes to regulating blood pressure. If someone's potassium level becomes low, also known as hypokalaemia, it may cause weakness as the cellular processes are affected (WebMD, n.d). With that being said, since potassium is a mineral and nearly 98% of the ions are found within the cells, even the slightest bit of changes in the level of potassium that is found outside the cells may also cause severe effects on the heart, nerves, and muscles.
Larger the ventricles, more is the internal work done to pump out blood by the muscle cells and more is the oxygen consumption. This leads to decrease in the mechanical efficiency of the heart. In various pathophysiological cases like Congestive Heart Failure, ventricular myopathies, ventricular hypertrophies etc. the efficiency of the heart decreases. And the progression of the disease is associated with the efficiency.
Most protein contain sulfur and some additional element. For example, milk proteins contain phosphorus and hemoglobin and myoglobin contain iron. Copper and zinc also are constituents of some protein. Protein is one of the most important element for the maintenance of good health. Protein is needed for the growth, formation and repair of body cells.
So how does this link to goitres? Our bodies need a range of minerals. Iron in haemoglobin carries oxygen around our bodies. Our nerves and muscles need potassium and sodium to work properly. Some enzymes – specialized proteins that ensure that the millions of chemical reactions that keep us alive work properly – need tiny amounts of more exotic minerals.
Cholesterol is fatty substance that can be found in all parts of the body. Accumulation of these substances on the walls of blood vessels lead to atherosclerosis by narrowing the blood vessels resulting in circulatory problems and heart failure. So screening blood cholesterol level help to avoid developing the circulatory system problems.
This includes vitamins B2 and B6, iron, and copper. Niacin is needed for energy metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, and it is needed by the cells to enable the release energy. Nicotinamide, a derivative of niacin, is required by the body for making coenzymes NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) and NADP (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) which are required for the metabolism and for cellular respiration of all cells. Nicotinic acid, nicotinamide, and tryptophan are antecedents