Disagreements highlight differentiating points of views and brings about thought-provoking ideas. Disagreements challenges an easy consensus and requires or pushes for a deeper more insightful recognition or judgement of a topics. As a part of human curiosity, attempts to acquire more knowledge to further our understanding of what is presented, there lies a distinctive importance in getting to know the counter argument or ‘other side’ of the argument. Not only does the disagreements help guide towards exploration, of the topic and the counter
This includes identifying the source of data; types of data needed for the investigation, answering the proposed questions and, also help the researcher interpreting the findings of the research. The second point is focused on having insights into the research paradigm which helps the researcher to have the foreknowledge of possible research limitations pertaining to the research methodology employed. The third proposed importance of research philosophies by Easterby-Smith et al (1997, 2012), is having knowledge of the best research paradigm creates room for innovative and creative thinking in selecting and adapting methods that the researcher has no idea about.
“The brain was a part of the body, and once you focus on the body, you should be focused on behavior and seek to change it” (Bjork, 2015, p. 2). Early psychologist Burrhus Frederick Skinner set out to do just this, and created multiple impacting theories along the way that have influenced the psychology field. The theories of Burrhus Frederick Skinner have had several positive imperssions on the career field of psychology and have influenced the practices used today. The impacts discussed include operant conditioning, the Skinner Box, manipulated behavior, and the similarities between the minds of animals and humans. Burrhus Frederick Skinner was a destructured theorist in psychology during the twentieth century (Skinner’s restructured learning
We may well ask if the educational system is characterized by a convergent type of thinking, then how can the practice of normal research be a source of novel ideas and revolutions? Kuhn thought that no other sort of work than this tradition-bound one is so well suited to isolate and recognize anomalies that cause crises in science. In other words, normal research provides the background that enables scientists to identify crisis-provoking anomalies: "In the mature sciences the prelude to much discovery and to all novel theory is not ignorance, but the recognition that something has gone wrong with existing knowledge and beliefs." Therefore, the ultimate effect of normal research is invariably to change the
4 METHODOLOGY: 4.1 STUDY DESIGN The research approach that will be employed for this research study will be in a case study form. The researcher will make use of a qualitative literature assessment approach as it will enable the researcher to use relevant literature to review an existing- or suggest a new hypothesis (Kothari:2004). Research will be analytical and instrumental, using existing information and knowledge; as well as applied, in order to find a solution to the immediate problem. 4.2 CASE STUDY The use of a case study method has been chosen by the researcher. According to Yin, (Yin: 2003a) the case study has the strength of being able to collect evidence from multiple sources citing that either qualitative data, quantitative data
Gaining knowledge and seeking to understand seems to be an intrinsic process in our species. There are several ways of looking at gaining knowledge. On one hand there is folk wisdom, pearls of knowledge handed down over generations person to person. This knowledge tends to be distilled down into single sentence sayings that convey an idea. On the other hand there is the investigation and observation of the scientific method, a logical and intricate process of research that identifies new insights and provides a framework to test their authenticity.
The Qualitative method tend to be open ended with less structured protocols; rely more heavily on interactive interviews where respondents may be interviewed several times to follow up on a particular issue to clarify concepts or check the reliability of data and use triangulation to increase the credibility of the findings. (Krishnamurthi, Cabrera and Karlovsky,2004). These attributes give the qualitative research method the advantage of providing depth and detail. They help to look deeper than analysing ranks and counts by recording attitudes, feelings and behaviours. The open- ended questions help to encourage respondents to expand on their responses which may open up new topic areas not initially considered and help to simulate participants’ experiences.
Psychology is the science of behaviour and is concerned with perception and learning. The behavioural patterns of organisms and how they adapt to changing environments is of particular interest to psychologists. In the past psychology was based mainly on introspection. The assumption of early behaviourists, such as Pavlov, was that all behaviour was essentially of the same form (George, 1971). Humans are social animals, we share this feature with many other species (Gallese, 2001).
Education is multidimensional subject. It deals with all areas of academics e.g. economics, management, philosophy, sociology, religious study and psychology.Psychology has great value in Education. It directs Education to their destiny. Psychology is a vast field to discuss but I’ll discuss only the aspect related to education at secondary level.
• Design your research studies that answers the questions that you want answered. • Write the type of research proposal and report that puts you in command and control of the content of the research as well as the way in which the research should be done. 2 THE ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF RESEARCH Research is a process through which new knowledge is discovered. A theory, such as a theory of motivation, or development, or learning, for example, helps us to organize this new information into a coherent body, a set of related ideas that explain events that have occurred and predict events that may happen. High-quality research is characterized by many different attributes, many of which tend to be related to one another and also tend to overlap.