SOFTWARE PROCESS IMPROVEMENT The objective of software process improvement is to apply organized steps of a method to improve development process like Quality improvement, schedule reduction and Cost reduction. An organization should evaluate their structure and process to identify the weakness and success of software development process and take action to improve software
Feature-driven design (FDD) is an iterative and incremental software development process that follows the principles of the agile manifesto. The aim is to develop high-level features, scope and domain object models in order to plan, design, develop and test the specific requirements and tasks based on the overarching feature that they belong to. However, there are advantages and disadvantages to using this type of software development process. To begin with, requirements organized by functional area must be fairly well understood and so a design is created. From the design is derived a feature list at which point the iterative implementation cycles can
Unit testing – assess software with respect to implementation. 7.1 FUNCTIONAL TESTING Functional testing refers to activities that verify a specific action or function of the code. These are usually found in the code requirements documentation, although some development methodologies work from use cases or user stories. Functional tests tend to answer the question of "can the user do this" or "does this particular feature work." In functional testing we check that we give an input , what will be the output, where we will be redirected.
Introduction To understand the meaning of design thinking it is important to first understand what a design is. A design is an implementable idea or blueprint of a certain intended end-product. As such, design thinking is the cognitive process through which designs are formulated. Just like any other concept, design thinking has undergone various modifications in order to arrive at the present day concept of design thinking. It had evolved as one of the essential methodology applied by designers to come up with ways of solving complex problems and finding anticipated solutions that fits the client’s needs (Behm, Culvenor, & Dixon, 2014).
In software, for example, design means crafting software that does jobs users want done. Software designers intentionally support practices, worlds, and identities of the software’s users. Designers have accumulated much practical wisdom that is expressed with design principles such as separation of concerns, modularity, abstraction, layering, wholeness, utility, resiliency, beauty, and timelessness. Design principles in computing guide us to ways of building machines whose behaviors are useful and meaningful in their user communities. Design principles in everyday life show scheme of a product, overall look and complexity.
If your tasks should be based upon certain requirements that you should define yourself, i.e. you’re telling the computer what to do and how to do it; you probably would choose an imperative programming language to do that as described in the first situation above. But if you kind of want to describe the tasks which you want to be accomplished and manage them in a way to find the result you need, you would probably choose a non-imperative language to do that as described in the second situation above. Brief review: Imperative programming languages focus on how the program should follow its tasks, while non-imperative programming languages just tell the program what it needs to do, instead of how to do it. An example of a situation where an imperative programming language would be preferred is in creating a database, while an example of a situation where a non-imperative programming language would be preferred is doing accounting based upon a set of
He or she examines and rectify errors and present status report. The developer designs and assess software prototypes. Write documentation of the programs and insert comments in the code for further understanding. Review and alter the programs by making use of workflow chart and applying logic and subject expertise. The developer should follow standard lifecycle methodologies and development practices during the product development.
Alterations made in knowledge management may come about improving work environment, management and operating activities. Improvement of artificial intelligence advances will impact future modifications made in knowledge management. The rational of the study is very important as it gives the motive to the research for identifying the evolution of Artificial Intelligence in knowledge management. It is the paper to say the division ability and the obliteration capacity. The paper will also provide new thoughts & speculations for knowledge management systems.
(2002) clarified that the estimator and his or her team play an important role in preparing estimations whether using computers or not. The computer can assist during the activities process, but the estimator need to know their role and responsibility to manage and to control the estimating process. As an estimator, he or she is expected to carry out tasks for example thoroughly examine tender documents, attend a site visit, prepares methods statement and tender program, develop conceptual estimates and make inquiries and receive quotations based on production rates for materials, plant and subcontractors. The estimator also must review and check all parts of an estimate to ensure the relevant cost of particular project besides document the estimate, so that it will be used for cost control
· The inner ring consists of context, objectives, environment and goals. · The outer ring consists of task detail, task content, task organization and task flow. Shawn Lawton Henry and Mary Martinson in Accessibility in User-Centered Design state, "User-Centered Design (UCD) is a user interface design process that focuses on usability goals, user characteristics, environment, tasks, and workflow in the design of an interface. UCD follows a series of well-defined methods and techniques for analysis, design, and evaluation of mainstream hardware, software, and web interfaces. The UCD process is an iterative process, where design and evaluation steps are built in from the first stage of projects, through