Mainstream enlightenment thinkers tend to have assumptions linked to the innate knowledge of humans. A chiefly influential figure in the Mainstream Enlightenment for political philosophy and of social thought, Jean Jacques-Rousseau’s “Discourse on the Origin of Inequality” (1755), writes “We cannot desire or fear anything, except from the idea of it, or from the simple impulse of nature”. Nature was assumed to be the primal condition in which Man was innocent. It was assumed that Man was naturally innocent and “imbued with virtues”. That man in his natural state seeks to contribute to the common good.
The utilize of technology in Brave New World highlights the theme of control because of the way Huxley presents the advanced technology. The residents of the World State are dependent upon artificially stimulated happiness or entertainment, and this “addicting mass culture” prompts the government’s desired impact for stability; as much as the World State agrees with science and advancement, the more they bastardize it because of its impacts of the soul and mind. Science can prompt humanity’s primordial need for individuality, and Mustapha Mond, the State Controller, believes individuality prompts instability. According to the World State, stability is the “primal and ultimate need” (Huxley 43). The World State utilizes what is useful from science but does not agree with science itself; it uses what it can to promote the stability it craves.
b.) Like stated above, greed is not a virtue by any means. Virtues are good qualities to strive for and try to model our daily lives after. The men in “The Pardoner” realized that greed is the root of all evil. The prologue told us “Radix Malorum Cupiditas” which means “greed is the root of all evil.” The 3 became greedy for what they believed was behind the tree, and this ended up turning
Human nature is naturally good but influence compels us to commit deeds we never would have considered.For example, Eve picking the forbidden fruit . Now as I’m sure many know this story. It could be argued that Eve knowingly opened Pandora's box and exiled humans to be less than perfect. But in truth Eve shows humanity was innocent from the very beginning. She could not have known the malice intentions of the serpent because of her inexperience on Earth.
Cleveland Abduction “No man chooses evil because it is evil; he only mistakes it for happiness, the good he seeks.” No human is born with an evil bone in their body, however not everyone understands the drive of evils intent and how it can transform them into what some consider to be a “monster.” There is never justification in forcing people to do things against their will. It’s quite unfortunate to realize how a person’s mind can be manipulated into not knowing the difference between right or wrong through horrible experiences; more the less how to control themselves from wrong-doing because of them. Ariel Castro’s mind was only distorted by the horrible experiences that he endured throughout his life. His mind captivated the idea of a “family”
Kant says to be free, we must behave rationally and choose autonomously, though that is not always the case. According to Kant, we act independently, which is performing autonomously and acting according to a law given by oneself. However, in a heteronomous manner, we will act upon incentives, for the sake of something else. He also says we are “sentient creatures,” capable of feeling pleasure and pain by responding to our senses and feelings. But are we free when we seek pleasure and avoid pain?
The eyes of many, Socrates argued, were of no importance because one should shadow the wise, and pay little importance to public opinion. Socrates states “if the many could do the greatest evil; for then they would also be able to do the greatest good--and what a fine thing this would be! But in reality they can do neither; for they cannot make a man either wise or foolish; and whatever they do is the result of chance” (Plato). I believe that this statement forces Crito to look at the bigger picture. To realize what is just and unjust to get a bigger picture of who we might gather opinions from.
The quotes showed nothing but the fact that father Benito was just one of many who were taught and made them to believe on what the Spaniards wanted them to know. What I liked was that Hummingbird opened up father Benito’s mindset on stuff he refused to believe in the first place. Overall the lesson father Benito learned was my favorite because Huitzitzilin cleared up the lies the Spaniards had upon the true history that happened to the Mexica’s. It affected me in a way that made me rethink the fact that maybe the country I live in might also be teaching students lies or that they are not teaching every detail of history. Therefore, it serves my life by making me wonder that everything I know might just be a lie this whole time.
Yet when some of good is removed from this wholly good creation... then he uses these good, created talents... for evil ends." If people lose evil, why would God still allow evil to exist? If our decision is made already for us then the good choices should be made, and no one should ever lose their good ways. The argument is made that maybe then we have "free will" with our decision making as humans. Then if it is true that humans have free will then would that not make us as powerful as God himself.
As John Fowles is more in favor to give freedom to his characters and let them choose their own path, he doesn’t claim to be a ‘God’ for his characters. In other words, to be free myself, I must give Charles, and Tina, and Sarah, even the abominable Mrs. Poulteney, their freedoms as well. There is only one good definition of God: the freedom that allows other freedoms to exist. And I must conform to that definition. (page 95-96).
The customary contentions for the presence of God have been reasonably completely scrutinized by rationalists. Be that as it may, the scholar can, in the event that he wishes, acknowledge this feedback. He can concede that no discerning confirmation of God 's presence is conceivable. Also, he can in any case hold all that is key to his position, by holding that God 's presence is known in some other, non-judicious way. I think, notwithstanding, that an all the more telling feedback can be made by method for the convention issue of shrewdness.