The Importance Of Landscape Design

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The typical view of designed landscapes has often been tied to their visual qualities. Landscape design in this context is viewed as a tool for adding aesthetic values to different open spaces. This view produces spaces with typical features that can meet a prior image of how a designed landscape should look like without any consideration of other equally important aspects [1]–[3]. In addition, the dominance of aesthetics as a goal for designed landscapes decreases the functionality of its elements. With the pressure of urbanization, a view of a landscape that is not aware of its full potential may prioritize other economic and services land uses at the expense of open spaces. Investments will accordingly be directed to purposes that have direct…show more content…
Literature review is used for the investigation of three main topics, absolute fundamental human needs, approaches to human experience in landscape and sustainable landscape development. First of all, significant contributions to the definition of fundamental human needs are compared to achieve a cohesive list of human needs consistent with the research purpose. Secondly, approaches to human experience in landscape present the study of specific human needs in relation to their interaction with landscapes, and this is through two main concepts, landscape preference and the concept of place. Comparative analysis is used again to establish a list of qualities of successful public places. Finally, landscape functions and services they offer for humans are studied as well. As a final conclusion, a classification scheme is used to establish an analytical framework with a clear distinguishing organization of the relation between human needs and potentials of public designed…show more content…
The human motivation theory by Abraham Maslow, non-violent communication by Marshall Rosenberg, conflict resolution by John Burton, human scale Development by Manfred Max-Neef and quality of life by Robert Costanza are all significant studies that established models of fundamental human needs as a core base for their development. Each approach defined a list of human needs. These lists have some common needs and needs that expressed in different terminology but have the same meaning. In addition to defining the lists of needs, important characteristics related to human needs were also defined. To begin with, needs are the same among all humans, it is their right to have opportunities for the satisfaction of their needs. No need is less important than the other, none of them can be considered as a luxury, and mutual relationships can be found between them. Moreover, all needs are simply ‘basic’, the sum of all of them and the interactions between them is what defines the quality of life achieved for humans. Satisfiers of human needs vary through time and between cultures

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