this indicates why the search to find a satisfactory definition of urban design continous. it might be said that ambiguity offers a wider scope for innovation and development; once we have clearly defined a subject we have denied it some flexibility. what we need to remember is to separate complexity from ambiguity. definition: the interface between architecture, town planning, and related professions; the three dimensional design of places for people and their subsequent care and management. the design of the built-up area at a local scale, including the grouping f buildings for different use, the movement systems and services associated with them, and the spaces and urban landscape between them, and the creative activity by which the form and character of urban environment at the local scale may be devised.
Both types of research gather information that fits their needs and involves a synthesis of information, and inquiry. They both focus on the cause and effect relationships. Formative research poses questions that come from planning, putting into practice, and function. Data is gathered from the target group, the group 's characteristics, problems, locations, community, potentiality, and other demographic information. When using formative evaluation, it is necessary to ensure there isn 't duplication of services.
Perspective is the harmony between various parts of mental, religious, passionate, physical and social life. The way we deal with our environment and settle on choices for our life is imperative. In like manner psychological well-being is an indistinguishing component of our physical wellbeing. (11) Psychological wellness covers specific parts of human body, for example, knowledge, brain and thought. (12) “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”.
The market value of land depends on the functional type of area in which it is located. Social Determinants- Development and evolution of urban communities in time and space. It includes centralization and decentralization of people and urban centers, dominance of one area over another. Public Determinants-It is very important to look at health and safety aspects and other amenities planning to determine the land use and location of services. 2.3 Land Value The value of a piece of property, including both the value of the land and also any improvements that have been made to it.
The basic approach of space is structural, according to Castells. In his observations considered as the structuralist approach, Castell stated that to consider the space as an expression of social structure would signify to examine the structure of the space by the influence of the economical and political elements as well as the social practices that derive from these elements. Castells refers to the function of "consumption" in defining urban space because it is organized at higher levels of production. It considers the consumption function to be specific to the city level. In his book "City, Class, Power," he emphasizes that urban problems become increasingly a political problem, caused by the combination of the consumption means with the socialization of the production means.
The second chapter speaks about environmental harmony that comes as a result of the new definition of landscape architecture. It tries to explain environmental harmony in the context of space through: spatial variables and perceptual aspects. Philosophical systems and analogies also have been used to describe it. The third chapter presents some examples of landscape architecture in different periods of time that presents environmental harmony. The examples have been chosen in that way that presents characteristics of the certain period depending on design principles and invented concepts: cosmological landscapes- prehistory, walled landscape- Medieval, curious landscapes- XV century, landscapes of human desire- XVIII
Environmental analysis is a strategic tool. It is a process to identify all the external and internal elements, which can affect the organization’s performance. The analysis entails assessing the level of threat or opportunity the factors might present. These evaluations are later translated into the decision-making process. The analysis helps align strategies with the firm’s environment.
To have a holistic understanding of neighbourhood renewal, it is necessary to study all aspects associated to it. Neighbourhood change can be explained through three main parameters- 1) The cause of renewal which may be demographic changes, socio-economic changes or changes in public policy. 2) The actual process of renewal which may be in the form of complete redevelopment or retrofitting and upgradation 3) The impacts of renewal which may be physical upgradation and social
When it is viewed in the context of critical, participation of Geographic Information System (GIS), questions about the nature of participation, power relations and other societal aspects of VGI are opened- hence, the process of creating VGI is important as analyzing product (Haklay,
“Cultural rights are an integral part of human rights, which are universal, indivisible and interdependent. The ﬂourishing of creative diversity requires the full implementation of cultural rights... All persons have therefore the right to express themselves and to create and disseminate their work in the language of their choice, and particularly in their mother tongue; all persons are entitled to quality education and training that fully respect their cultural identity; and all persons have the right to participate in the cultural life of their choice and conduct their own cultural practices, subject to respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.” Many Heritage Practitioners consider their conservation work to be a trifle matter, however there is a link