1.4 Significance of the Study The findings of the study will import the benefit of EFL teachers considering that complex sentence comprehension plays an important role in grasping the meaning and interpreting the text reading. The results of the study will be also useful to EFL teachers in providing teaching process to help their students improve linguistic competence in acquiring dependent clauses so that students will correctly comprehend and interpret complex sentence in text reading. 1.5 Scope and Delimitation This study is focus on acquiring full and reduced forms of dependent clauses; adverb clause, adjective or relative clause, and noun clause by applying explicit and implicit instruction. Moreover, the study is confined to comparing the significant difference of the effect on applying explicit and implicit instruction. This study is limited to 80 12th-grade students both male and female during the second semester of the academic year 2015 at Suraphinphitthaya School.
Introduction According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2016), one of the definitions of Language is that it is “The system of words or signs that people use to express thoughts and feelings to each other”. Therefore, language is used to express the thoughts and feelings, and vocabulary is necessary to express it. But learning the definitions of words is fundamental. Many teachers believe that an effective instructional technique is to define words before reading a text because it supports vocabulary growth and helps them comprehend what they read; however, research indicates otherwise. Teaching English vocabulary may be challenging, and it takes a challenging teacher to achieve it.
Grammar, as a set of rules for choosing words and putting words together to make sense, plays a significant role in language teaching. Without grammar, language does not exist. Also, it is difficult for students to speak English well without learning English grammar. So, in the formal education, it is inevitable for teachers who teach foreign languages to teach grammar. However, with the development of the history of language teaching, the position of English grammar in language teaching has always been disputed.
According to Savignon (1998), there are four components of communicative competence: grammatical (the ability to receive, create, and use grammatically clear messages), sociolinguistic (the knowledge of how to use the language appropriately in different social contexts), discourse ( the ability to select ideas and combine them smoothly into a text ), and strategic (the ability to fix communication breakdowns). The awareness of all aforementioned components may contribute significantly to the learners’ speaking skills development. That is why to help the students to become fluent speakers of the English language a teacher should implement a variety of communicative tasks like unscripted conversations, debates, role plays and simulations, and ranking exercises. To foster the
In learning foreign language such as learning English, speaking is one of the most skill that should be mastered. By mastering speaking English people will easy to communicate with other and easy to share their thingking. For mastering speaking english people should be find the enjoy method and make them fun to learn speaking english. Nowdays, learning speaking skill is still difficult for the student at junior high school. Generally students have several reasons why English langugfe is still difficult for them.
Keywords: Writing skill, medium, blog INTRODUCTION Language is equipment for people in this world to communicate each other, not only in oral form but also in written form. Every country has their own language; it will be difficult to communicate if in one forum they use their own language. Therefore, to make their communication easily and effectively, people decide to make English as an international language. Not only communicating with verbal way or oral form, but people can also communicating with non-verbal way or written form. Thus, writing skill for students has to improve in teaching learning process to make them easily to communicate with non-verbal way.
Human beings can share their ideas and thoughts with each other by the use of language. Language includes the systems of human communication which consists of the structured arrangement of sounds into larger units such as morphemes, words, sentences, utterances (Richards & Schmidt, 2010). The process of communication by the use of English is primarily based on the main skills of a language (i.e. speaking, listening, reading and writing). In this process, teachers and learners are the most important participants which their roles should be taken into consideration by Teaching English as Foreign/Second Language (TEFL/TESL) researchers.
Contrary to what some theorists believe, grammar is not merely a set of static rules but rather a body of rules which gives structure to the instructor and the student. It is a crucial factor for one to develop his/her second language properly. The importance of grammar lies in rendering the student self-dependent. Once he/she acquires a decent mastery of grammar, he can use it as a criterion to assess the accuracy of his/her speaking or writing. Moreover, teaching and learning English grammar in the Bhutanese classroom helps students improve spoken communication, writing skills, linguistic creativity and as meaning conveyance.
They learn to think in English without reverting to the habit of trying to translate everything into their native tongue. The longer students can maintain this environment the easier it will be for them to think naturally using English. This can be a challenging task. In schools around Asia the traditional approach to language learning is by direct translation and this develops strong habits. Also in this age of modern technology we have apps that allow us instant translations between languages.
Though teachers do not teach grammar lessons separately, they rely on integrated grammar lessons. It shows that grammar is an important component of classroom teaching at the tertiary level. The grammar lesson will be effective and productive when teachers make use of language games that have an inherent motivational element. Views on Grammar Teaching It is interesting to note the views of Crystal (2004) on grammar and he mentions that it is the psychological system of rules which induces people to form, interpret the words and the sentences of their language. While discussing the importance of grammar, he says: Grammar is the structural foundation of our ability to express ourselves.