To researchers like Leech (1983) and Schiffrin (1994) DA is the study of the language beyond the sentence. In other words, DA is above the sentence. According to McCarthy (1991), DA is the study of the relationship between language and the context in which it is used. That is to say, DA is related to social life which means that it is guided by both social and cultural life. The question
According to David Crystal [7, p. 240], pragmatics is the study of language from the point of view of its users, especially of the choices they make, the constraints they encounter in using language in social interactions and the effects their use of language have on other participants in the act of communication. G. Kasper (1993) defines the term as “the study of people's comprehension and production of linguistic action in context” [17, p. 3]. The words action and context, two crucial elements of speech acts in language are included there. Thus, the linguist uses the term linguistic action which defines the learner’s capacity to produce an
Language is a means of expression. We express our feelings, emotions, thoughts, needs, desires etc. In words, symbols and gesture which is considered as language. Language can be defined as verbal, physical, biologically innate and a basic form of communication. Culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts.
The ways of communication are what they are, not due to basics, principles and structures, but since of what they can achieve socially in ordinary instantiation. With this accentuation, a key inquiry is the way individuals make signs in the setting of interpersonal and institutional force relations to attain to particular points. This is in a general sense vital, since semiotic frameworks can shape social relations and society itself. One of the main keys of social semiotic hypothesis is, the rule that methods of correspondence offer generally particular and socially imparted alternatives (or 'semiotic assets') for conveying. The Investigation of correspondence from this viewpoint, tries to distinguish the semiotic choices that are accessible to communicators.
 Communication is giving, receiving or exchanging ideas, information, signals or messages through media, persuading the individuals or groups , to find information, to give information or to show emotions.  .Also, another scholar definition of communication is a process sending information, idea, feeling, ability, etc. By using symbols such as words, pictures, numbers ( Berelson dan Stainer : 1964 ).  My own understanding of communication is that the process of sending a message from sender/source to a receiver through communication channels to under tack change in receiver’s behavior. We use our senses to understanding the message.
In Byram’s (1997) view, language (linguistic competence), understanding the culture, and identity are important part of intercultural communicative competence. According to him in explanation of intercultural communicative competence, the effect of society and gestures in communication should be considered. In his view intercultural competence has these essential parts: intercultural attitudes, knowledge, skills (skills of interpreting and relating and skills of discovery and interaction), and values (perspectives, of one’s own and other cultures). According to Fantini (2010) intercultural communicative competence is a compound of various abilities which is used for effective and appropriate communication with people who are in linguistic and cultural different from us. Another study was conducted by Byram and Risager (1999), in Denmark and Britain revealed that despite the essential role of intercultural competence in language and language learning, there isn’t any standard or good plan to incorporate it language
Cultural awareness is very important and significant point in learning language. So, first of all, we should analysis what is culture and cultural awareness, connections between language and culture. There are different conceptions of culture. Culture has been referred to as ‘the ways of a people’. This view incorporates both ‘material’ manifestations of culture that are easily seen and ‘non-material’ ones that are more difficult to observe, as Saville-Troike notes.
This is quite fascinating due to the fact that when we give an order or a request we expect compliance from the other party or when asking a question we expect an immediate response. There are three fundamental points to conversing in English which are the structures and function of talk, the examples of language practices and the social rules of talking. When talking about structures and functions in English there are two important terminologies to consider they are formal and informal communication and there structures. Formal communication is a type of verbal communication that is used when we do not a person well enough or when we are at an institutional place, which requires us to follow a set of rules when speaking. Formal speech is also referred to the official communication; the structures to formal speech are as followed.
1) The importance of the fundamental elements of communication. a. The sender, communicator, transmitter/source The sender is the person responsible for the passing the information. It is the person who thinks of the message and decides on the channel to be used. The sender conceives the message and thinks of the right tone to use to send the intended information.
Another characteristic of language is that it is multiplicative. This means that the symbols of a language may be interwoven and put together to create several messages and meanings. As said earlier, the use of languages is controlled by rules which dictate how all symbols will be organized. Again these rules permit people to comprehend messages in that language as though they have come