In a learning environment, teachers want to help students engage with what they are doing to promote deeper understanding" (Kohn, 1997c). The student-directed learning theory implies that the teacher should share the
34) stated “the constructive alignment based on constructivism in learning and alignment in teaching where aims, objectives and assessment and teaching and learning activities align constructively” (p. 34). The most essential thing is whatever evaluation assignment we utilize it ought to be obviously adjusted to the learning result and showing and learning exercises Assessing the learner’s performances is a crucial tool in the teaching and learning process and must reliable with the objectives and what is taught and learnt such as assessments tasks, learning objectives, and instructional strategies. This paper will be a discussion based on, what is the most appropriate methods of assessment should be use to measure and evaluate student learning? “The research on formative assessment and feedback is reinterpreted to show how these processes can help students take control of their own learning, i.e. become self-regulated learners.
Additionally, the tasks need to be constructive and interlinked and provide a challenge to the students while also acting as a motivation factor. The adopting of effective teaching to match the personal strengths of the students ensures that a student’s learning outcome is achieved Holistic assessment should be encouraged to understand what the learner has captured on a learning
This defines the roles of the teacher and the learners in the learning process which states that the learners will be the focus of the teaching-learning process. The teacher’s role is to facilitate learning by utilizing the interests and unique abilities of learners to reach a goal. On the other hand, the learners’ role is an active participant rather than a passive one. This means that the learner will be involved in tasks that will help him reach the goal of learning. In this study, the instruction followed the criterial tasks of the K-12 Curriculum.
Self-regulated learning is in parallel with constructivist view of learning and teaching in that it puts learner at the epicenter of learning and construction of knowledge and, hence, it merits more heed in contemporary education. Constructivism underscores the importance of individual self in building meaning (Vygotsky, 1978). Learners act as an umpire of feeding inlet of knowledge to
The basic concept of learning is based on this theory. The mental processes as they are being influenced by either intrinsic and/or extrinsic factors, which eventually results in learning acquisition of an individual. Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures. The teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that promotes discovery and assimilation/accommodation. The cognitive processes are: observing, categorizing, and forming generalizations about our environment.
He also believed that kids learn effectively through personal conflicts in which they must inspect, gather thoughts, procedure data and put thoughts into practical usage. He stressed that people determine by acting and contemplating on what they serve. The school is concerned with the evolution of the total person, not certain selected elements. The aforementioned concept of John Dewey as cited by Neil (2005) were supported by Kolb (1984). To take in teaching effectiveness and learning productively, the instructors must experience the nature of the child to be motivated, directed, pointed,
According to Duffy (2004) it is important for the mentor to facilitate learning needs and assessment by giving the student the opportunity to reflect on their learning needs and assess themselves. It is also arguable that it is important for a student to identify their own learning needs and self-assessment but the mentor needs to adhere to assessment process in order to provide fair and accurate assessment (Walsh 2014). The most important role of a mentor is to assess the progress of a student accurately and identify the learning needs and problems which the student is encountering on a placement at an early stage. (Philips et al 2000). To assess accurately and holistically a mentor should be able to assess the student’s competency through measurable assessment tools and to do assessment process accurately (Embo et al 2015).
The work of John Franklin Bobbitt and Ralph Tyler very much advocate Product curricular designs, maintaining that these designs are centred on the creation of a disciplined and “structured learning environment for students” (O’Neill 2015, p). The Product Model can be regarded as the historically tested and more ‘traditional’ method of developing curriculum. Teacher planning and the presentation of learning intentions to students is core to the
DISCUSSION 2.1 Definition of education Education is a conscious and well planned effort to create an atmosphere of learning actively developing it is potential to have spiritual power religious, selfhating, personality, intelligence, noble character and skill it needs, society nation and state ( UU No.20 Tahun 2003) Education is helping people to learn how to do things and encouraging them to think about what they learn. And it is important for educators to teach ways to find and use information. There are different methods of categorizing types of education. There are divide into formal education, non formal education and informal education. Formal education is usually in school, where a person may learn basic, academic and trade skills.