General Introduction Among the most important skills that EFL students need to develop is speaking since it stands as a primary concern for most of them. With a growing need for more effective, successful and active ways of foreign language learning. Innovation in the language field has been stimulated by a special concern for learning through active and collaborative setting. The predominant view is that language is best learned when students are interacting with each other in groups-completing a task or learning a content or resolving real life issues - where their attention is not directed toward the language itself, except when a focus on language forms is necessary. Many researchers have called into question the importance of investigating
So, Words are the building blocks of a language since they label objects, actions, ideas without which people can’t convey the intended meaning. A prominent role of vocabulary knowledge in second or foreign language learning has been recently recognized by theorists and researchers in the field. Accordingly, numerous types of approaches, techniques, exercises, and practice have been introduced into the field to teach vocabulary. It has been suggested that teaching vocabulary should not only consist of the teaching of specific words but also aim at equipping learners with strategies necessary to expand their vocabulary knowledge. Words serve different purposes when reading, writing and speaking.
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND OF RESEARCH English language is increasingly becoming an important lingua franca which is used in business, technological and academic communication (Dawit & Abiy, 2013). This trend of English globalization has made it imperative for graduates to be proficient in oral communication skills since competence in oral communication (in listening and speaking) is a prerequisite to students’ academic, personal and professional success in life. Oral communication competence can contribute to individuals’ social adjustment and participation in satisfying interpersonal relationship (Sherwyn, Michael & Judy, 2000). Effective use of English as a second language (ESL) or foreign language (EFL) in oral communication is, without a doubt, one of the most common, but also highly complex activities people need to learn for their interpersonal communication.
This is also the ability to hear, identify and use individual sounds when speaking or writing. In order to understand this, one needs to take note that words are made up of speech sounds(Phonemes). This strategy is important in adult learning as it will assist with reading of words and understanding words individually, It also assists in learning how to spell. Phonemic awareness could be taught through the identification and categorization of sounds, as well as merging these words to form a particular sound. One can be able to add or change sounds to create new words, and lastly being able to substitute these sounds to make words.
Need for knowledge or the need to process and internalize exploration and experience results that could assist in problems solving. 3. Need for ego improvement or the search for self-knowledge driven by the desire to be accepted and approved by others. When analyzing the development of a foreign language in the learning process, the different learning style of the students need to be taken into account. It’s also important to remember that intrinsic motivation aids students’ learning and that the quality of classroom interaction matters a great deal.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
This essay will critically discuss the Communicative Approach in the English classroom and how the CAPS document addresses the approach. The first paragraph discusses the meaning and reason why the Communicative Approach is necessary. Communication can be found in many different forms, as learners it is one of the most important skills that can be taught in life.The Communicative Language Theory in teaching is a methodology that is accepted worldwide. The methodology connects the theory sections with the practice in teaching a language. Theory states what language is and how a learned.
The Main Skills of Language Learning It is possible to divide them into special categories according to their parameters. Writing and speaking are usually considered to be productive skills. The learner is forced to use the language that he has acquired to produce a message through speaking or writing. The learner is active while doing this – that is why speaking and writing are often called active skills too. On the other hand, listening and reading are frequently labelled as receptive skills.
Nowadays, communication becomes more important because people live in the world of communication. According to Oxford Dictionary of Current English (Moore, 1997), communication can be defined as the activity or process of expressing ideas and feeling or giving out the information to others. Communication comes between the individuals and the groups, between thoughts and feelings and it also involve the feedback process. So, in order to reach the good communication, listening and speaking is an important part and it needs more knowledge. Its sounds so easy but its quite difficult for some people to communicate especially in English.
Reading is indispensable to any forms of learning. It is the most vital communication tools. It can strengthen vocabulary and grammar mastery. Students learn how spoken and written languages relate to each other as they learn to read. Reading has become a primary vehicle for target language input (Han & Anderson, 2009).