Communication is an essential part of life and is impossible to avoid, even when not speaking a word. Furthermore, it is a dynamic process of transactions between sender and receiver, that must navigate many barriers to correct interpretation (Beebe, Beebe & Redmond 2014). One potential barrier is the limited understanding of how communication dynamics can be affected by the audience of the message being sent. It is the position throughout this essay that for the effectiveness of communication it is important to understand it in the context of the audience. Two specific groups will be used to discuss this topic, children and organisations. In the context of children, the discussion will include active listening, play therapy and cultural influences. …show more content…
However, for this to be effective it is important to understand the correct way to approach this method. Play therapy is a nondirective approach that involves the use of toys and other play related materials to facilitate a child’s verbal and nonverbal communication, as young children lack the skills necessary for emotional expression (Muro et al. 2017). Furthermore, it is an intervention that is supported empirically to address numerous issues children have to face (Trice-Black, Bailey & Riechel 2013). Moreover, evidence in a study conducted by Stulmaker and Ray (2015) shows that play therapy resulted in reduced stress for anxiety prone children. It is important to be mindful of the child’s independence and sense of self, by offering options and encouragement rather than requests or assistance, as this will just result in the child being frustrated and discouraged from communication (Deering & Cody 2002). However, when done right, play therapy offers children a way to explore problems and feelings in a language they understand and in a situation which provides the most comfort (Muro et al. 2017). Additionally, it also allows an adult a window into the child’s world where they can see exactly what is on the child’s mind (Deering & Cody 2002). Therefore, it is only through the proper understanding of play therapy, that this strategy can be effectively …show more content…
EMC is any communication that uses a medium like the internet or a smartphone, which bypasses the need for face-to-face interactions (Beebe, Beebe & Redmond 2014). Moreover, this technology is an easy way for people to listen and respond to others, share information and make and keep social connections (Beebe, Beebe & Redmond 2014). However, this form of communication can sometimes have adverse effects, like misunderstandings, as body language and facial expressions are useful to determine a person’s intentions, motivations and feelings (Berk 2006). It is often over looked that a lack of relationship building within an organisation is due to a simple failure of managers and staff in getting to know one another (Berk 2006). Yet, the inclusion of regular team meetings provides a way to address any concerns employees may have, issues requiring immediate attention and averting future crises, as well as, promoting group bonding, communication and team work (Berk 2006). Nevertheless, EMC can also be beneficial to communication dynamics when understood and used appropriately. The proper use of EMC allows for a higher level of interactivity and facilitates the transfer of knowledge from a sender to a whole network of recipients (Marín, Betancurb & Aguilar 2016). Moreover, communication can flow more easily in both directions, allowing for feedback and a more open,
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
) Parent & carer involvement: how does the setting engage with parents to share activity ideas, rhymes, resources, books, event dates, news, parent’s language needs, knowledge & expertise b)Staff -involvement/roles-how does everyone cooperate with children to promote communication; share observations ‘that worked well’, ’he does have two ears and a very waggy tail’, share information about choices eg. Snack foods, range of activities, introduction ‘xx’s mum is in today to help make sandwiches’. -Staff responsibilities-does a keyperson system operate to support your children? How do you monitor, check children’s language needs and act in consequence if there are any issues regarding it -Preparation of daily routines-are there times of the day
In order to contribute a positive relationship it is essential to demonstrate and model an effective communication skill when dealing with children which means that considering both how the practitioner approach other people and responding the children. It is effectively more likely to communicate information to one another if having a positive relationship. Effective communication plays an important role in developing positive relation with children, young people and adults. It is also essential that the practitioner is interested in development of the children by using effective communication skills, building a positive relationship, approaching and responding in appositive manner, making feel comfortable or supporting which it’s required.
Even if you’re not involved in their play it offers a sense of reassurance to children. You can also support a play based approach to learning by encouraging children to play with things they may not have played with before e.g playing with the resource yourself alongside the child. If a child sees what you can do with the resource then they are more likely to eventually participate along side you, copying what you are doing. 4.3 Evaluate different materials and equipment to support play based learning opportunities for children in their early years
3 Explain the main differences between communicating with adults and communicating with children and young people There are differences when communicating with children, as opposed to adults, but we must always remember that we are all individuals. Effective communication involves children being able to understand the language needed to: understand concepts; participate in problem solving and develop ideas and opinions. We need to be able to use language effectively in order to encourage and extend thinking and learning. When communicating with children we need to be clear so they understand what is expected of them, keeping it short and to the point, so they don’t lose interest or concentration.
The main differences between communicating with adults, children or young people is by using language what they can understand or what is age appropriate. Don’t use language unless you know that the body you are speaking to fully understands what you are saying. With children or young people you will have to communicate to them on a level that they understand. Listening to a child when they are communicating back to you. By listening this will make a child feel valued and heard.
Also, play helps children to develop their physical, mental, social and emotionally. If children and young people have access to good play provision then it many benefits for them, these may be: • It will help to increase the children and young people’s awareness, self-esteem and self-respect. • It will give them opportunity to mix with other children whatever their background or ability are. •
By showing an interest in what a child has to say also boosts their confidence and self-worth. This will enable children to want to talk and play with others and lead them to have positive interactions
The basic theme outlined by Dr. Axline is how play therapy can help a child psychologist to help the child who has been in isolation lead to his self-discovery. The book holds that through self-knowledge one gains valuable life experience and grows as a complete new human being. The book is important because of its contribution to play therapy. Although, it also tells the story of how Dibs goes from being thought “retarded and hostilely rejecting” to being a “brilliant boy”. Dibs in Search of Self is an inspirational
In the book Dibs in Search of Self, Virginia M,Axline brings forth that it is very important to pay attention to the psychology of children in today’s world and they should be supported emotionally and mentally by their parents. She also portrays the way in which the play therapy sessions should be conducted. The play therapy session depends both on the therapist and the child and that every moment and step during the session is essential for child. The book is an educational and heart- warming therapeutic tale of child psychology. Dr. Axline maintains her emotional distance from Dibs but understand him with patience and helps him to be confident, responsible and
These messages enclose information, and the senders of these messages intend particular meanings to reach the receiver of the message, who will then attribute a meaning to the message. The intended meaning may be varying from the meaning attribute to the message by the receiver. This is not only due to the words was used but also by the non-verbal messages that are also sent (Fielding, 1995). Heath (1997) stated that communication occurs in various ways and at diverse levels of awareness. Barber (1993, cited in Heath, 1997) states that communication is that sharing understandings and involves openness to the enquiry of another person, having attention, perception, receptivity and empathy towards that person.
As children’s experiences and knowledge are often communicated through play, it becomes an important vehicle for them to know and accept themselves and others. One of the most common types of play therapy for children is child-based therapy, in which a therapist and a child work alone. This is often used if there is a concern about the parents or abuse in the family, but can also be done simply to make the child feel more comfortable. It can be used to treat behavioural problems, anxiety, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), autism, and the effects of abuse.
The Industrial Revolution did highlight the poor treatment of children and bring to the forefront the morality of allowing children to work such long hours and subsequently depriving them of an education. This essay will focus on the work of Jean Piaget and Sigmund Freud outlining the contributions of both theorists to the child development debate and to the field of Play Therapy. Both theorists have contributed to the field of play therapy. Freud used play therapy to help a child with a horse phobia. He believed that the child could play out their subconscious feeling and desires and