All of this changed with the coming of machine production. A skilled worker was no longer needed to manufacture a product.” Instead of getting another laborer they could be taught easily to use machinery, if this person decided to resign they could be easily replaced due to the surplus of immigrants looking for jobs. The Gilded Age was known as the Industrial era for the use of factory systems, and the new inventions of machinery that replaced the need for as much human labor. As a result of this, America in the last decades of the nineteenth century was controlled by labor unrest and incurious workers who are losing their jobs and violent strikes. An example of this was The Great Railroad Strike of 1877.
History has repeatedly given men privilege due to their physical advantages; yet it is these same advantages that have developed into “rules” or expectations that all men should conform to in order to prove their manhood. Michael Kimmel’s essay, “‘Bros Before Hos': The Guy Code” outlines the “rules” where men are expected to never show any emotions, be brave, act knowledgeable, be risk takers, be in control, act reliable, and be competitive, otherwise they would be showing weakness which is analogous to women. It is humiliating that men associate weakness with women; they should focus on the potential of the individual rather than their gender. Most insults toward men attack their masculinity because society finds it shameful for men to be
Constructing masculinities Masculinities are the patterns of social practice associated with the position of men in any society’s set of gender relations (Connell, 2005). Masculinity is not genetic trait that men are born with , rather it is acculturated, composed of social norms of behaviour, which they learn to reproduce in culturally appropriate ways (Beynon, 2002). Connell, (2005) defines masculinities as the pattern or configuration of social practices linked to the position of men in the gender order, and socially distinguished from practices linked to the position of women. Configuration of practice in everyday life is substantially a social construction. When concepts of masculinity are addressed by society at a macro level, the focus is on particular traits or characteristics of how males are to act,
in both Ancient Greece and modern society, the lives of men are perceived to be of higher importance due to their masculinity. Meeting societies views on masculinity helps men do as they please. Their masculinity is made to be a very important thing, so when men have a physique they think they will not be told anything because their looks give them an excuse. With an image, men begin to feel higher up because of their strength, they do incorrect actions and also cheat. In The Odyssey we can see this masculinity portrayed by none other than the archetypal hero, Odysseus.
After Nwoye hears Okonkwo’s stories of war, Achebe writes “ Nwoye knew that it was right to be masculine and to be violent, but somehow he still preferred the stories that his mother used to tell. “ (58). Nwoye acknowledges that masculinity is encouraged in his society. He knows that his father wants him to be masculine whenever Okonkwo invites his to his obi, or hut. Nwoye knows that a son of the greatest fighter in Umuofia should be manly.
Viola finds such liberation by dressing as a man, as well as showing characteristics of a man in her actions. The uncertainty of Viola/Cesario 's sexual identity, however, show that masculinity and femininity are just aspects of a role. Viola is able to portray herself as Cesario because the societal qualities of a man are learned and are not anatomical physical traits. When Cesario and Sir Andrew
Despite being described as a model boy, Sid is not rewarded as such in the novel. Instead, it is his more mischievous brother, Tom, who earns glory and riches. From the text, it is seen that it is Tom’s adventurousness and boldness, traditionally masculine traits, which earn him his fortune, while Sid is relegated to the background. Based on this comparison, I argue that Twain uses the novel to encourage boys to follow traditionally masculine gender roles by indirectly rewarding masculine behavior in boys. From the beginning of the novel, the reader sees that Sid is characterized by a lack of masculinity.
This progress deserves to be underlined, and even honored. Nevertheless, inequalities remain, and some have even amplified. And, there is still a considerable gap between the wages of men and women. Moreover, they don't have the same advantages in the labor market, especially since the woman has returned to it much later and is beginning to assert herself, with still much struggle. Women are always subjected to more discrimination and unemployment on a daily basis than men.
This piece of evidence is very important because when calculating for the wage gap unemployment is also taken into factor and there is a big gender employment gap with more women not in jobs. This means women will be earning less money when averaged with men because more men have jobs. Many women are out of work for many reasons such as family matters and still in a patriarchal society today men are seen as the “breadwinners” of families however, society is ever changing. Besides unemployment another major factor that goes into the so called wage gap are women's choices in jobs as well as the responsibilities many women are felt they need to take on as well as a career. In a paper by Watson (2017) the author states “Primarily, women are more likely to take time off work for childcare, leading to less experience and fewer opportunities for career growth later in life.