From beginning to end, Irving demolishes the credibility of the myth, with things such as the invention of the historian Knickerbocker to the judge. Irving points out the flaws that exist in America through the use of Rip. When he does not recognize himself this is synonymous with America’s inability to recognize or define themselves. The society is not in harmony with its thought’s and action’s which disillusions the purpose of the myth giving them a sense of identity. Irving plays off of various inspirations and his character Rip undergoes the typical heroic journey.
There are other instances when the harm principle has been invoked but where it is more difficult to demonstrate that rights have been violated.For example, hate speech. Most liberal democracies have limitations on hate speech, but it is debatable whether these can be justified by the harm principle as formulated by Mill. One would have to show that such speech violated rights, directly and in the first instance. (I am interested here in hate speech that does not advocate physical violence against a group or individual. If it does, it would, like the corn dealer example, be captured by Mill 's harm principle as speech that can be prohibited).
As has just become obvious figurative expressions are problematic, and not just for non-English speakers. George Orwell wrote in his 1946 essay "Politics and the English Language": “By using stale metaphors, similes and idioms, you save mental effort at the cost of leaving your meaning vague, not only for your reader but for yourself.” Orwell probably didn’t have the term “booty call” in mind, but his argument that idioms and cliché expressions mix “vagueness and sheer incompetence” holds true. Orwell argued that politicians are the worst abusers of figurative speech. They take the
However these traumatic stimuli refuse to stay repressed and resurface in the form of intrusive images or nightmares as symptoms of trauma-related illnesses such as PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder). The narration of the story by Death greatly helps in putting things in perspective with respect to the bigger picture. The suffering of Liesel is put in comparison with events that take place outside of her life, the other events and consequences of World War 2 and the Holocaust. Through this omniscient and third person point of view, The Book Thief while not trivializing Liesel’s experiences at the same time does not allow the understanding of the Holocaust in the narrative to be limited by the perspective of a child. Thus through trauma theory, the various traumatic incidents in her life and their respective consequences will be studied followed by the exploration of stealing books and writing as a coping
For his complex and fragmented language which “seems designed to appeal primarily to the reader’s intuition,” the most well-intentioned explanation is that Bhabha uses this style of writing in purpose of making a strange feeling, avoiding the familiar “parameters of Western knowledge” (Huddart 10). The second query to Bhabha by some critics is his unquestionable utilization of psychoanalytic theory. Robert Young has in his White Mythologies (2004) doubted that there is lack of analysis and critiques when Bhabha brings the “transcendental categories of psychoanalysis” to “the analysis of the historical phenomenon of colonialism” (184). Young, however, does not extend this
However, formalists support the idea that, instead, judge’s role is to apply laws without having their moral values behind them. This idea is found in the film where the issue of laws and morals is covered. Judgement at Nuremberg aims to question the moral principles he moral principles and values in which those under the III Reich sustained. A variety of practices, including eugenics, the sterilization of the unfit and the protection of the race, all originated from a certain and specific conception of the world and inspired by principles an deep convictions, are questioned from a modern jewish conception of truth in the film (Shatner 's Toupee,
There is no fixed explanation, so it is difficult to convey. As far as asserting the reason for discrimination of Jews in the Nazi period in the history of Germany is fairly easy, the reason behind discrimination taking place in the same period of time, but on the opposite part of the globe, is rather complex. This entanglement begins back with the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 AD that ultimately lied ground for the feudalism in Western Europe. Even though the term “feudalism” has been deprived from specific meaning by the many ways it has been used, leading to reject it as a useful concept for understanding society by many, there is still a striking similarity between feudalism and slavery. Both do not differ much in definition and the foundations for them are similar; they involve the artificially created economically-warranted differences between the many estates of population.
Therefore, the rendition of the exodus in the Old Testament is an excellent example of cultural memory – a remembered past that resulted in collective memories that maintained the actuality or relevance of the past, without getting bogged down in the never ending agonizing about the supposed ‘historical factuality’ of the past. In the Old Testament the exodus was remembered in diverging ways in different contexts and the ongoing need for identity and the influence of trauma were but two factors that influenced the manner in which the exodus was recalled. Despite unfavorable connotations it is again suggested that the exodus functioned as a founding myth in the evolving of Israelite and early Jewish identity. Such a heuristic goal will be less interested in establishing historically or
Nonetheless, the regulation or limitation of free speech is mostly grounded on the balancing of harm. However, some contend that certain kinds of speech be not regulated. The United States of America currently is of the opinion that regulating racist speech would cause more harm. By this, it is interesting to note that, the US courts generally digresses from the consensus of the international community which has criminalized racial propaganda. It is necessary to bear in mind that, one may have the legal rights to utter hateful words to another person or to display
Additionally, a cultural memory is rather distinct from “personal memory and history”, as it is “a field of contested meanings” (Sturken 2), constantly under social construction and ongoing debates about the historical accuracy and credibility. However, since collective memories are socially reconstructed and not reproduced, as a result nations may suffer from a collective amnesia. The “culture of amnesia actually involves the generation of memory in new forms, a process often misinterpreted as forgetting” (Sturken 2). Hence, at times “elites may try to create officially sanctioned memories” (Gallicchio 979) by asserting particular versions of the past and forgetting significant aspects of the history. Moreover, a vast number of historians use the word “myth” (Gallicchio