Bernard Brodie, in his seminal chapters on nuclear strategy in The Absolute Weapon in 1946, made the expectation of ‘‘huge devastation of peoples and territories’’ one of the central tenets of deterrence. And this strategy is still being used and the case of Arab countries can be used as an example Civilians and public infrastructures are being destroyed to gain power. Nuclear deterrence is not really effective as civil attack is unacceptable according to the UN charter and is military crime.Futhermore deterrence creates a situation of resistance rather than peace. And finally nuclear deterrence has relied on what today might be called a ‘‘shock and awe’ ’strategy: destroying cities in order to manipulate consequences of a
5. Reasoning the theories The official story was that Osama bin Laden was the terrorist mastermind behind the attack, but some believe 9/11 was a smokescreen for a far bigger American conspiracy and that the Bush administration is the one, behind the vicious attack. 5.1. Justifying war The events of 9/11 ultimately led to war against Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein and allowed the United States access to Iraq’s most prized commodity, oil. America declared war on Iraq to gain control of Iraq’s oil but in order to do so it had to cover up its track.
Since ancient times, Smallpox has devastated the world, killing millions of people. Often referred to as the speckled monster, the smallpox disease originated in the new world when Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors and early English settlers arrived in the Americas. Although there had been attempts to cure the disease, including variation, (that came from Asia 2,000 years ago), they all had a high risk of death. It wasn’t until 1796, when Edward Jenner, a English paleontologist came up with a new form of vaccine, it was called inoculation. The disease decimated the local population and was one of the main reasons for the fall of the Aztec and Inca empires.
“Where is the Love” was released in 2003; post 9/11. The events that occurred on 9/11 were very gruesome for the United States. The lyrics emphasises the evil that is terrorism, and how the U.S is sending troops overseas to stop the terrorism in other countries even though there are still terrorists that still reside in the U.S. Not only that, but the lyrics suggest that there are terrorists that are members in the CIA, Bloods, Crips, and KKK. That line of the song calls out the faults in the government and its branches of systems and institutions. This stanza especially highlights the similarities of violence that is associated with all of those
Torture is a topic that has come under intense scrutiny and debate regarding whether there are any circumstances in which it should be employed, and if its is absolute legal ban should not be protected and respected. Recently, terrorism has brought to the public 's eye the violent tactics used by terrorist, against humanity. The September 11 terrorist attacks, in the New York, Pennsylvania and Washington, lead to the passing of the "Patriot Act" when George Bush signed a secret finding empowering CIA to "Capture, Kill, or Interrogate Al-Queda Leaders"( Bush, 2001:). The most predicted and widely publicized
It is quite common today to hear the opinion that military service should not exist, and that it should be cancelled. Becoming a fully neutral state with a symbolic number of public servants will be the most suitable option. I am fully confident that neutrality of your country is not always the best approach: if you live quietly and peacefully it does not necessarily mean that others will live also with respect to you. In addition, no one forces you to build a military career if you do not want that. The only thing you should do is to serve to your country up to two years and protect its citizens.
The September 11 attack on the Twin Towers ; 9/11 was one of the most devastating incidents that ever happened in modern history. This attack killed 2,996 people and injured almost 6000 others. The US Government announced that this attack was organised by an Islamic terrorist group called Al-Qaeda headed by Osama Bin Laden. But is that completely true? Some people believe that the Twin Towers collapsed over various reasons like George Bush, the former owner of an oil company called Arbusto Energy was connected to Bin Laden as he was an investor in the oil company and that George Bush knew this attack will take place all along.Why would George Bush do that to his people?
The effects of 911 attack on twin towers was huge to Americans and the world. The short term effects would be sadness and shocks felt by the Americans and the destruction of the tower. It led to the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan. Both of these effects led to the rising hated between Middle east and USA. The terrorist group Al-Qaeda, which claimed the responsibility of the attack on Twin Towers was formed at a meeting gathered by Osama Bin Laden in August 1988 They claimed to protect their own country or kingdom when American forces arrived in Saudi Arabia to prepare for the first gulf war.
Since the events of 9/11, the US declared itself as fighting a global war against terror and has since developed various policies and laws meant to prevent the recurrence of such attacks on its homeland. Similarly, the US has pursued the perceived terror groups in various countries like Afghanistan to rid the world entirely of the influence of terror organizations. This way, it has been seen as acting as a policeman to the world. Further, efforts by the US to prevent the development of nuclear weapon by other countries such as North Korea have been largely seen by many as the US playing its role of being a policeman of the world. According to the US government, it is important to prevent the proliferation of nuclear and chemical weapon because of their destructive nature and the likelihood of such weapons finding their way into the hands of tyrannical regimes and terror groups which could use them to wage war on the US and the entire world.
Such was the case in Kosova, when international law prevented an intervention from the international community, clearly manifesting the large gap between legitimacy and legality and effectively putting hundreds of thousand civilian lives in danger. As Mertus (2001) said, “even though the intervention was the first sustained use of armed force by the NATO alliance; the first time a regional alliance, acting without UN authorization, had used a bombing campaign against a sovereign country with the stated intent of ending human rights abuses;” (Mertus, 2001, p.133), the surpassing of international laws by legitimacy is not without a precedent. As Popovski & Turner (2008) said “the Nuremburg Tribunal which is a prime example when emergencies demand action which the existing law at the time is unable to explicitly permit. So, such actions can be seen as legitimate, even if unauthorized by law” (Popovski & Turner, 2008). Thus, as Mertus (2001) said, “pro-interventionists stress the responsibility of powerful countries to address gross and systemic human rights violations wherever and whenever possible” (Mertus, 2001,