The concept of judicial independence a fundamental important in United Kingdom legal system. The concept is enshrined in Act of Settlement !701. Not only does the judicial independence form an element in the concept of the separation of power and rule of law, but also it ensure two other powers apart from Judiciary fully comply with the constitution and the law. To begin with, the concept also emphasizes the safeguards for judicial independence. It is crucial the judge is independent and impartial.
Question 1: Democracy is a government that is for the people and by the people. It is a form of government in which the supreme power of the country is vested in the people of the country and is exercised directly by them or indirectly by a political party they have elected. (dictionary.reference.com/browse/democracy) Public participation holds that those who are affected or interested in a decision have a right to be involved in the decision-making process. It means that the public’s contribution will affect the outcome of the decision. Public participation is highly important in maintaining a democratic government.
By explicitly listing the different elements of civil interest, Locke sets relatively clear boundaries for government control. Additionally, Locke places far greater emphasis on the government leader’s responsibility to the people than Mussolini. Locke also states that “God certainly appointed government to restrain the partiality and violence of men” (pg. 86). The leader’s responsibility to the people further indicates Locke’s belief that government should exist to serve the people and to minimize negative human actions.
Constitutional Provisions: Constitution is fundamental law of a nation. It links people, government, territory, sovereignty and international recognition. Modern constitutionalism emphasis written constitution with check and balance, democratic rights, protection of human rights, timely election, people’s sovereignty. Nepal and Korea both counties are based on liberal democratic political exercise. In the liberal democratic system government is considered to be responsible towards people.
This causal synthesis essentially forms the nucleus of this chapter. Parliament: Scope and Perspective Political Science theoretical construct acknowledges Parliament as one of the major symbols of democratic representation. Other symbols are: Political parties, periodic 14 PARLIAMENT AND MEDIA IN CONTEXT AND PERSPECTIVE elections, fundamental human rights and freedom of the citizens to choose their leaders, among others. This is based on the timeless definition of democracy as“government of the people for the people by the people”. The Parliament whose central responsibility is lawmaking and oversight function draws its power and existence from the people.
Technically speaking, the emergence, and the survival of democracy are strictly distinct aspects of democratization. But they merge in the question of sustainable democratization, that is, the emergence of democracies that develop and endure. Democratization is sustainable to the extent to which it advances in response to pressures from within a society (Welzel 2009). In its literal meaning, ‘government by the people’,
A constitution is a set of fundamental and entrenched rules governing the conduct of an organisation or nation, setting up its idea, character and structure. It is typically a short document general in nature embodying the aspirations of values of its scholars and subjects. (Business Dictionary, 2015). A constitution is a definitive power any action, which contradicts the rules of the constitution, will be both unconstitutional and unlawful. It helps to recognise the rights and freedoms of citizens through a bill of rights, which works both to protect citizens and to confine the power of the state.
Why I will choose representative democracy? First, I will talk about we the government is necessary. The government is the symbol of the national public administration power. Government issued by the executive order, administrative decision-making, administrative regulations, administrative justice, administrative adjudication, administrative punishment, administrative supervision, and so on, should in line with the principle and spirit of the Constitution and relevant laws, all applicable to the provisions of the effect, and with the national armed forces for the backing of the mandatory implementation. The generalized government is refers to the sum of the country's legislature, administrative organs
Maintaining law and order in societies is an essential part of the implementation of public administration. It is therefore safe to say that it is an activity that public administration strives to achieve. Public administration is also understood as disciplines like Economics, Sociology, History and so forth. The above-mentioned definitions by the various authors/writers make it clear that the term public administration can be understood in two senses, both widely and narrowly. In the wider sense it includes all the activities of the government.
The government could be recognized as the leader unit of the country and with that the duty to create laws and policies to promote the constitutional rights and responsibilities over the citizens and their societies. South African government compromises of three major spheres; National government, Provincial government and Local government. Such a system is not based hierarchal, but on a basis of distinctiveness, interdependent, and interrelated. The constitution declared that this system is just naturally co-operative and that the relations between these spheres are interactive in each other’s