The Importance Of Mother Tongue In Education

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The Importance of the Mother Tongue in Education In the simplest way, while mother tongue is defined as the language learned first, the mother tongue based education is defined as the learning program which is delivered entirely in children’s first language (Ball, J. 2011). So, what the mother tongue based education means is instruction in a child’s first language, with the help of a planned gradual transition to a second or a third language. The mother tongue-based education takes place in the language that most familiar to the students because the language used in the classroom is important as it directly affects students’ chance and ability to learn. Therefore; the usage of mother tongue in education, especially in the years of primary school education, will be the best choice to accelerate the learning process. Some may argue by saying that children already know their mother tongue. Therefore; they don’t have to repeat it. As there is a critical period for language acquisition, the mother tongue usage in education will be a waste of time. This critical period hypothesis proposed by Lenneberg (1969) means that primary language acquisition must occur during a critical period which ends about the age of puberty. That is, if a second language is taught to students, it has to be done before the age of the puberty, and instead of a language which is already known, the second language should be prioritized. On the other hand, the use of the first language accelerates
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