There are now over 100 published studies that have investigated the influence of cultural diversity on organizational behavior, leading Tsui et al (2007) to describe the 21st century as the “century of international management research”. More teams in organizations are becoming multicultural (Adler, 2002) and global teams have grown to be a source of competitive advantage (Kirkman, Gibson, & Shapiro, 2001). As a result of growing cultural diversity in the workforce, and its accompanying challenges (e.g. conflict in culturally diverse teams(Jehn, Northcraft, & Neale, 1999), within-team cultural diversity continues to be of considerable interest to scholars and practitioners
English is everywhere. Along with the increasing levels of globalization, more than one third of the world’s population is some sense exposed to it in the coming 20 years. Wide spread of English explosively increase communication and information flow across races. Many less common languages, however, are gradually being ignored with the shift to English. The fields of use of such local languages are narrowing down to specialized areas, like academic studies and literatures.
In the regions of Western Europe and Northern America thousands of studies on consumer behaviour were conducted and helped us to popular models of consumer behaviour based on the empirical findings and theories. These studies conducted from 1940s to early part of 2015 in the western world are very much in sync with the socio-economic, cultural and familial realities of that region, but the same empirical findings, theories and models of consumer behaviour may not be perfectly applicable to the countries like India completely. India, post 1991 economic liberalization has witnessed the unprecedented growth across all sectors and there is a new found prosperity, wealth and materialism in the consumption story of India and this phenomenon is still dynamic and evolving. Therefore, there is an imperative need of studying the changing consumer behaviour of India’s neo-rich and aspiration class from a fresh perspective. The study of consumer behaviour of parents in general and children in particular is important because there has been lots of transformation in the socio-economic and demographic variables family structures, gender role orientation, parental style, income level of the family, family decision making process, raise in the
1, Introduction In the modern society, many organizations are multicultural. It is crucial that new generation of labor force should focus on improving some international social skills which directly affect their work performance. Some of those are cultural intelligence and emotional intelligence. Both of these have been an extremely popular topic for many researchers over the last few decades. Accordingly, there are many definitions which can cause the confusion for who want to learn about this fields.
now there are number of quality teachers able to teach the English language. English has some sort of official status to be more competent in the language than those where it has none, simply on grounds of grater exposure, it turns out that this is not always so. It is inevitable that a global language will eventually come to be used by more people than any other language. English has already reached this stage. Quarter of the worlds population is already fluent or component in English and this figure is steadily growing in the early 2000s that means around 1.5 billion people.
Everyone knows what multilingualism is – the capacity to speak two or more languages. What is that everyone seems to agree on? That multilingualism is multi-beneficial: better career opportunities, communication between family and community members, ability to live abroad and so many more. But do people know what multilingualism is really about since most of the articles, books, movies out there on the subject of bilingualism speak about its advantages, raising bilingual children and development of bilingual education? “Preface: Bilingual Lives, Bilingual Experience” (2004) by Anna Wierzbicka - professor in the Department of Linguistics, Australian National University (researchers.anu.edu.au) - addresses the issue as the author’s main thesis is that a new language is not only a new way of thinking, a new way of communicating, but also a new way of feeling and expressing emotions.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have been developed extensively over the past decades and there has been a massive increase in its usage. However, there are significant differences in adoption and handling of ICT. Transmission of information and communication technologies is a global phenomenon. In spite of rapid globalization, there are substantial differences among nations in terms of adoption and handling of new technologies. In the last decade, we have witnessed a quick rate of change of ICT.
The sociocultural background of EmodE Briefly date the EModE period of the English language, also giving reasons for the dates. Most linguists dealing with Early Modern English are claiming that this period is set between 1500 and 1700. This is a traditional description of the era’s dates and because languages are always developing providing EModE with an exact date is something I am rather sceptical about. Nevertheless, the arriving of the printing press in England in 1475 had a major impact for linguistic development in the country. Increase of literacy and a population that became more and more eager to read thanks to printing, which succeeded the old form of scribal text-production is the reason for a linguistic development.
Also, English has extremely become the language of politic, economic, media, science and technology. That is why, English is the most successful language with 1,500 million speakers around the world (Crystal, 2003). Although, English as a lingua franca can be a major factor of development and communication, English as a global language can create many problems for the
A critical comparison of the implementation and outcome in English language education: Korea and Japan Introduction English has become the global language and over the past few decades the number of people speaks English as a second language is growing rapidly and has exceed the number of the native speakers. In the 20th century, English plays an important role in the global economic, technological, cultural, and scientific developments. It is also important to the internationalization of higher education. Since English has such an important place in the world, it plays an important role as a global language and has a significant impact on language education policies (Nunan, 2003). Language is interconnected with a country 's national self-image and the image to be showed to the world.