The Importance Of Multilingualism

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Nowadays there are between 5000 to 7000 languages in the world. But it is hard to know the precise number of languages because is not easy to distinguish between a language and a dialect. The past decade has witnessed a fast and an important increase of multilingualism. In Europe, this improvement is certainly related to the EU 's (European Union) commitment to a multilingual Europe, It suggested in 1995 that the EU citizens should be skilful in three European languages, to confirm multilingualism as the main hallmark of European identity. Of course, multilingualism is a common and increasing phenomenon in present day society, for it affects the cognitive development and help humans to communicate easily, and increase their knowledge of other cultures. The ability to speak more than two languages is often considered as an achievement. Since 70% of the earth`s population is supposed to be bilingual or multilingual, it is good reason to believe that bilingualism is the criterion for the majority of people. Indeed, the changes in living situations caused by external factors such globalization, economic conjunctures and civil wars around the world, that has led to the emigration and travel to countries such as Malaysia, Cameroon, and Mauritius. Sweden alone accepted nearly 44000 asylum demands in 2012 from about 130 different countries (SCB, 2013), including children. Various national institutions, including schools, fight tooth and nail to accommodate for the refugees’ learning

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