Middle English Language, like other important samples of human behavior, slowly but continuously expands from older forms into newer ones. Even more drastic changes were brought by the invasion and conquest of England by the Normans from northwestern France in 1066. Normans who were originally of Viking ancestry by the middle of the 11th century become Frenchified in language and culture. Their language is determined as Norman French – a dialect of Old French. The effects of the Norman Conquest were very deep in the field of language, so immense changes that brought a special name to the period of English after they begin to show themselves from 1100 to 1500 – Middle English.
The first people in England about whose language we have definite knowledge are the Celts. The Celtic languages in England have two divisions: the Gaelic or Goidelic branch and the Brythonic branch. Celtic was probably the first Indo-European tongue to be spoken in England. One other language, Latin, was spoken rather extensively for a period of about four centuries before the coming of English. Latin was introduced when Britain became a province of the Roman Empire.
The most influential parts of modern day life branch from the ancient Greco-Roman society. Each generation fabricates new words and new methods of communication; however, the most influential epoch, the ancient Greco-Roman epoch, has contributed the most to modern society. Throughout my experiences in both Greek and Roman language I have come to understand how prevalent the past cultures are in present day civilizations. A common language provides the building block for all communication between individuals. In modern times any two individuals fluent in different romance languages can converse between themselves on a purely rudimentary level.
William Caxton’s “ Morte D‘Arthur” was first published in 1485, making it a Middle English text. Many of the grammatical and lexical features of the Middle English vernacular are discernable in Caxton’s work. It becomes clear how many changes the English language had to go through to evolve into the Modern English we know today. Especially the preface of “Morte D’Arthur” is an excellent example of these changes. One of the most noticeable developments has taken place in spelling.
According to the history, it was changed periodically from early civilizations as Mesopotamia, Egyptians and continue to Greek, then Roman, toward to Middle Ages till nowadays. In this research paper is talking about Roman architecture. The civilization of Ancient Rome started from the 753 BC to 476 AD. The legend began after two brothers, Romulus and Remus1 found the Rome city and become the first King of Rome. The Romans are considered as one of the powerful empires of ancient times.
They also had more influence on English than the Celts. Also cities ending with –chester comes from the Romans, Manchester and Winchester for example. Anglo Saxons invaded Britian after The Romans did their thing there. Anglo Saxons consisted of germanic tribes from Germany, Denmark and The Netherlands. They gave a lot of words to the English language and they were the first to put a fairly big influence on English.
The Isles of Britannia, which is known today as Great Britain, was inhabited by indigenous people known as the Celtic tribes. The main four tribes were the Britons, Welsh, Picts, and Scots. They were ethno linguistic meaning they all had the same ethnic background and spoke the same language or dialect. Being small and weak, the Celtic tribes were soon colonized by the Romans, the ruling empire at the time, during the years 43-410 CE. Because the Romans were a very influential nation, they Celtic tribes soon adopted their ways.
The literature was written in old English in Anglo – Saxon England, in the period after the settlement of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes in England. Many argues are goes with there work first work to know the years. The Anglo – Saxon chronicle is a collection of annals is old English from 9th century. Epic poems are very popular and the work Beowulf was the most famous work in old English. Oral tradition was very strong in early English culture.
The Romantic Period The cultural phenomenon of literature is a vast and fascinating subject. Existing since the Early Ages of humanity, it has changed and developed, spanning its progress through countless historical periods. Often a period will heir its previous one, implementing new elements and tools into the written art. Other times the change will serve as a rebellion against the already imposed means in it. The tendencies in literature are a reflection of the always shifting human nature, temper and values throughout the different Eras and chapters of history.
Globalization and English Hegemony When we focuses on the specific distinguishing features of contemporary globalization and hegemonies which makes a very new development in human history. Among the most important such specific features are the changes in the structure of international relations and of hegemonies.What’s more, it is also crucial to know the importance of other factors, including the continuous impingements of the different peripheries on multiple hegemonic centers, the transformation of some basic characteristics of nation, revolutionary states and the close relations of these processes to new civilizational perspectives and inter-civilizational relations. (Eisenstadt, 2009)And when it comes to English hegemony, it is happening all the time and has a great