The Importance Of Nature In The Building Environment

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Throughout human civilisation, nature has always been the predominant feature we wished to alter and prevent from having a negative impact in our buildings. By our natural instincts, we sheltered ourselves in caves or in huts made of straw and mud, protecting us from the fierce weather outside. Buildings are built for a very important reason, to prevent the outside forces from affecting us, a place to sleep, to relax, to eat and to commune. In this study I’ll be examining the exploration and response to nature made by two architects and I will be speaking about their major works that endorse romantic harmony and an enslavement of nature to improve the building environment.
An Architect from America, named Frank Lloyd Wright, designed the house “Falling Water” in South-western Pennsylvania for Edgar Kaufmann, a Pittsburgh department store owner. The forest in which Falling Water is built was a camping ground for the friends, family and employees of Edgar in the 1930’s and they would often go there for luxury trips, hiking, swimming, fishing and enjoying the rushing stream and waterfall. However when the area became busy due to a new road paved nearby, the family decided that they wanted a more modern and accessible retreat, deeper into the depths of the natural world
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A function hall is located beneath the stairs which leads to the second floor, and from there a living room is situated which contains projected views of the magnificent forest surrounding the house. The fireplace is created from the boulders which were originally on the heart of the site evoke a sense of the fireplace being the “heart of the home”. The living room poses what is called a “music corner”, so named due to the access of natural sounds coming from the outside world, the rushing waterfall, the birds tweeting and the wind rushing through the leaves of the enormous

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