Classifying Newspaper

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The newspaper
Newspapers are media texts that are meant to transmit news of daily events. They are read mainly by the public for their informative content. Ideologies are embedded in this rhetorical document. The content of the newspaper, is presented in a particular way not only to arouse interest and curiosity in readers but also to influence the readers’ views and speak for the institution’s point of view through analysis and comments on the news (Fowler 1991; Reah 2002). Reah (2002) opines that this form of media is an artefact of the commercial and political world and freedom of the press is often regarded to have ideological importance in Western democracies. Cheyney (1992) cited in Babalola (2002) describes newspaper in the following
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Some of these criteria are frequency of publication (a newspaper can be published at various intervals but usually appears weekly or daily); time of publication; purpose; circulation; geography; method of production and intended audience, etc. Fowler (1991) believes that a particular ideological position about the world is articulated and represented through language in any oral or written form. Fowler (1991) really sees language as a tool in different newspapers to articulate each newspaper institution’s ideological stance. Before the contents of the newspaper are put down in writing, various collective institutional routines are involved in the processes of production of media texts. Media institutions or organizations go through a routine of gathering news items and information of events, selecting, editing and transforming resource materials into completed texts. Fairclough (1995) agrees with Bell, (1991:44-46) that the first draft of a journalist has to go through several changes of the various categories of editorial and technical…show more content…
Reah, (2002: 35) reveals that readers of newspapers to whom the paper appears to be written are responsible in bringing “common sense” assumptions into the process of interpretation. To Fowler (1991) and Fairclough (1989) these “common sense” assumptions are ideologies which are embedded in everyday discourses and can be identified in the way texts are constructed. The constantly imposed assumptions upon the interpreters and producers of texts exist in the process of cumulative construction of texts without either party being aware of them (Fairclough, 1989). Contrary to the position taken by Fairclough (1989), Kress and Hodge (1979:15) argue that readers of newspapers will look for the paper which challenges their assumptions the least even though they know the linguistic forms and linguistic choices of the paper. Therefore, it can be safely concluded that most readers do realize that the truth of an event is only the form in which the writer chooses to present
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