Essay On Occupation

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Occupations are considered to be culturally named and shaped (Larson, Wood, & Clark, 2003). Culture influences people’s views on occupation, such as their choice and acknowledgment of valued occupational roles and behaviours (Burke, 2003).
Individuals possess an occupational nature and that in turn contributes to their personal sense of identity as well as fulfils many functions for their health and survival (Christiansen & Baum, 2005; Creek, 2008; Hasselkus & Rosa, 1997; Wilcock, 2006). Occupations are frequently classified as self-care, productivity/work and play/leisure, which are carried out by individuals within physical and social environments (Creek, 2008). Individuals perceive and interpret their occupations in various ways. The meaning attributed to occupation is specific to each person and influenced by multiple factors, one of
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Others seem to be highly dependent on culture, such as social meaning or particular styles of expression. In the process of understanding the therapeutic value of an occupation for a patient, it would seem that one would need to first understand his or her cultural background. Embedded in the sociocultural order are notions of acceptable and unacceptable occupations that are usually linked to status, race, class, gender, and age (Bourdieu, 1977; D. K. Kondo, 1990; Wilcock, 2006; Zemke & Clark, 1996).
Examples of cultural influences on occupation are ubiquitous. For example, gender roles in some cultures are rigidly set, such that women and men may have more or less restricted choice of productive (work) roles. Some women become influential in village politics through activities involving women’s weaving cooperatives, or through church activities linked to the role of their husbands in the church (B. R. Bonder,
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