Oral Language is when the language is spoken to express ideas, thoughts and even emotion. Before a child learns to read, the child begins to speak and connect through saying the words aloud. With that in mind, a child can identify and connect the words on the page to the picture that appears through their mind base on the concept of oral language. Oral language goes beyond the classroom walls because it starts from the words, saying and ideas that they’ve personally heard and experienced through their life. Therefore, many educators test their students on their Oral Language abilities, and Oral Language is comprised of Phonology, Semantics, Grammar, Morphology, Pragmatics, and Discourse.
'A large part of the child’s language experience is verbal and it is through oral language activity that much of his/her learning takes place, both in and out of school. The potential of oral language activity as a learning and teaching medium is acknowledged in the key role it is given throughout the curriculum.' ( DES english curriculm.) The importance of oral language in a child's learning is stated clearly in the national literacy curriculum, however, I believe it is often under utilized. By carrying out this assessment and lesson I realised that I have never given a whole oral language lesson in learning support.
Introduction Exposing children as early as possible to language is crucial to language acquisition (Atkinson, 1988). Language is many things, it can be a system of communication, a medium for thought, vehicle for literary expression, a matter for political controversy, a catalyst for notion building. (O’ Grady & Dobrovolsky, 1989: 1 in Imansyah, 2008:1) The existence of language can’t be separated from human life. It can be seen from the fact that all related to interaction among people necessitate a language. Language is an important means of communication.
Chapter I Introduction Definitions of Language Language means a lot to the human society. Language has made our life civilised. Language gives identity to the people and it also represents the culture of a particular region and its people. Raj Paul Kaur states about the connection between language and culture as: “It is a widely accepted sociolinguistic fact that the language and culture are related. In fact, a colleague of mine, Dr. Hamzah Al-omar of the University of Jordan, has commented to me many times that language and culture are synonyms”(Raj pal, 2006, p. ).
There is no culture without language, and no language without culture. Also the vocabulary is influenced by social, industrial, technological and other cultural changes. (2) Linguistics and Sign Languages The study of sign language is important to linguistics because it helps in understanding the very nature of human language, because sign languages are different from the spoken. Sign languages pose at least two important characteristics of language: 1- Every language has specific properties to share with other languages; for example, a hierarchy of morphemes, words, phrases, sentences...etc. 2- Every human has the capacity of communication with others via languages.
Learning a second language. Today it is essential to learn a second language because every day other languages are used in almost all areas of knowledge and human development. In the educational field, learning another language is necessary for students because it could become students that are competitive and this will help them to research and study from different sources. Not only is important when it comes to the academic field but to survive abroad as a means of communication and interaction with other cultures throughout the world. Learning languages allows enriching life experience, creating new ideas, to exercise the brain, gain benefit from the world's cultural diversity and improve the professional prospects considerably.
Even if genetically we are designed to acquire a language, the communication with people sharing the same language’s characteristics is essential. This interaction’s crucial role would explain the obvious nurture importance in the process of acquiring a language. Many linguists have defended the importance of the environment and experiences in the acquisition of a language. Piaget argued that language is not the direct result of an innate characteristic but a capacity related to cognitive development. There are many social and linguistic factors which determine the development of this process.
Emerging readers need to develop their oral language through listening and talking skills in social contexts. Oral language can assist with constructing meaning of written words. Oral language is connected to graphophonic cueing systems, which is the connection of sounds to letters on a page (Winch et al., 2018, p. 11). Students need to know the sound words make in order to read. Various strategies can be used in the classroom to work on student’s oral language development.
Language is absolutely central to learning: with it, can make sense or communicate or understand a subject. The role that language plays is enormous. Recognized as the need of nowadays, the four necessities in language commonly known as the four skills: Reading, writing, listening and speaking play a vital role in any language learning quest. The four skills are the highpoints of language which will take people to greater heights. They are separate yet bound together with an inseparable bond.
In the linguistic evolution, the child must go through to achieve a good language, starting from babbling to first words or phrases. This process frequently appears in the first months. However, that time or specific age at which a child begins to talk may vary depending on many factors. One of the most important is hearing, but it is not the only factor, there are many other factors that influence such as sex (girls tend to improve their language skills, cognitive abilities and general development long before the boys) and among the most important is the stimulation that is given to the child. Hence, the family plays a very important role in the emergence and development of verbal language of the