O’Malley (1997) says in Berg (2008) that, self-assessment gives the learners opportunity to reflect on their own progress, and to develop plans for their future learning. On the other hand, according to Berg (2008) it is more emphasis on learners ' growth and understanding of the self than on arriving at a final mark, self-assessment can contribute to learners ' ability to structure their own learning. In this way, learners are responsible to their own learning. Although some learners find it difficult to assess their own work, it helps them to review their
In addition, the teaching strategies should highlight important information and content to enhance the learning process. Next, the designer needs to integrate new information with existing information from long-term memory to enable existing cognitive. Finally, learning content broken down into several small volumes to avoid the cognitive load. If more than five or six items to be learned, lessons-linear, non-linear, spider map and mind map should be
Therefore, this composition of learning styles increasingly recognised that employees need to be actively aware of an organisation’s strategies and objectives and the provision of learning and development opportunities can help to cement this where clear links are drawn between the learning intervention and how it is aligned with the overall business strategy. The Guardian (2010) expresses that “Building the talents of the workforce has to be at the heart of decision-making”. Learning and Development also contribute in building individual learning strategies, which bring human resource requirements in terms of skills and behaviours required to achieve business goals. This process identifies the learning needs of employees and their roles of personal development planning and self-managed learning. Support is also provided for individual learning through coaching, mentoring and guidance, which aid the workforce to be effective and efficient.
To analyze the impact of current models and approaches on transfer of learning – The entire discussion as well as analysis made in this research has also shown how the current models and approaches on transfer of learning can influence the process of transferring learning. According to the entire discussion, it can easily be stated that the Conceptual Model of the training transfer is mainly implemented based on the concept that the process of transferring learning among the employees depends on the inputs of training that incorporate the work environment, training design as well as trainee characteristics. On the other hand, the essential as well as an important fact associated with this particular model of
TPACK can be redefined as; the pedagogical dimensions that use the new technologies in constructive methods to deliver subject content in a manner that offers the learners a new understanding of the world around them. Basically the combination of these three factors technology, pedagogy and content knowledge have formed and shaped the TPACK model to be considered as the most important element in the learning process, the TPACK in the learning process can lead to success or failure process or outcomes, it depends on both the student and the teacher, everyone has his own role for it to be successful, the students have to improve their skills in the ICT as a receiver, their social communications and his critical thinking to be able to deal with the pedagogy dimension can be used inside the classroom, and regarding the teacher has to develop his skills in the ICT as well but as a sender, has to have a deep understanding for the pedagogy dimensions and to have a strong back ground about the taught subject therefore TPACK does not mean that the teacher has to deal with each element of (T, P, and C) separately but it means in simple words that the teacher has to create the pot where he needs to place these elements together for the complex interaction amongst them to take place which can be considered later as the integration between the technology and the
The other four disciplines also need to be applied depend on the situation faced. The leaders’ role is designing the learning processes by which people throughout the organization can handle effectively with the crucial issues they face, and improve their mastery in the learning disciplines
Action Research Methodology Due to the nature of the present study, the focus was put on an action research. It is therefore of paramount importance to review the available literature. This type of research is widely believed to be a reflective inquiry based on systematic practice undertaken by the researcher who is the teacher at the same time with the overall aim of changing and improving his own teaching and learning process. In this regard, Burns (2010:5) quoted Cornwell’s definition (1999:05) of action research: … a self-reflective, systematic and critical approach to enquiry by participants who are at the same time members of the research community. The aim is to identify problematic situations or issues considered by the participants to be worthy of investigation in order to bring about critically informed changes in practice.
According to David P. Ausubel, goal of learning subject matter and improve of presentational methods of teaching is important. His theory of meaningful learning regarding how knowledge is structured, how mind work to process new information and how educators can apply these ideas about learning when they present new material to learner (Gupta, 2014). This model helps educator to arrange and transfer information as meaningfully and effectually as possibly. Advance organisers provide perceptions and ideologies to learner directly. Cognitive structure deals with any kind of knowledge of a field is in our mind, how successfully it is organised.
The authors refer to the literature review of authors who had devised the theory. The theory holds that work environments traits and motivation are significant determinants of the interests and the rate of participation of the employees in the development related activities. As a result, through applying the model, the authors test a wide array of individual-level traits such as learning efficacy, attitudes and the perceived advantages which have been considered in the previous development activities studies. The main research question is investigating the factors which influence the participation of the employees in the development activities.The authors have hypothesize that the influences of the work environment and self-efficacy perception on the development related activities are mediated through perceptions of development needs, learning attitudes and the perceived benefits. The state hypothesis can be tested by computing the sampled data.
This method exploits these influences in order to improve learners` learning. The most prominent characteristic of this approach is to justify the classroom to set the learner in the environment of the notion, using the decoration, the furniture, and arrangement of the classroom, musical background, and the personality of the teacher is considered as important in instruction as the form of the instructional material itself. Also, the Intonation and rhythm variation of the material presented helps to give a meaning to the linguistic material and avoid boredom while learning. Lozanov appears to believe that, these features would help the learner to memorize and acquire the language in a better way, as they (the approach`s features) pour the target language in the learners` mind through his/her subconscious mind, where they put the learner in the same situation where he/she will use the language, setting the place, the smell, the music or noise which he could hear there, this will Make it easier to retrieve the language, or in other words,