Ecological Systems Theory In Early Childhood Education

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Parental involvement is the level of participation that a parent has in their child’s education and school. As parents are a child’s primary and first educator, their involvement in the kindergarten classroom can help he or she to become a more successful student. There are many opportunities for parental involvement in kindergarten. Parents can start by meeting the teachers. They can inform the teachers about any health issues their child may have, so that teachers know more about the child’s situation and give certain care for the child. Also, parents can ask questions regarding the curriculum, and then they can notice what their child learning and the suitability for the child development. After school begins, parents should continue to…show more content…
It will be a strong help for children to deal with the transition from home to classroom settings. Involved parents are more encouraging towards children being curious and reading books, making education to a fun experience. This will help promote educational success for children. The ecological systems theory which developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner explains how everything in a child and the child’s environment affects his or her growth and development. He stated different aspects of the environment that influence children’s development, which are microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem and…show more content…
These factors influence children’s social, physical and cognitive development in positive and negative ways.

For family factor, according to the World Health Organization, the most intensive time of brain development in a person’s life is early childhood. A child’s brain is most sensitive to external factors in the first three years of life, for example family environment. A child whose family provides an enriching and stimulating environment, and parents interact and speak to him, and nurture a healthy attachment, then the child will have a better development.

For peers factor, according to Education.com, a child has formed friendships by the time he reaches 3 years old that begin to influence his behavior and social development. Friendships help children learn to solve conflict, cooperate effectively and work out relationships. Peers affect a child’s values, decisions, likes and
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