The Importance Of Parenting And Adolescent Communication

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tions between both target family factors (monitoring and communication about sex) and outness to parents among YMSM is parent–adolescent relationship quality. Parent– adolescent relationship quality and attachment strength have been linked with outness to parents [25], parental monitoring [26], and parent–adolescent communication about sex [27]. Parents are more likely to monitor adolescents frequently if attachment is strong [26], and parents with high quality relationships with their teens are more likely to have discussions with them about sexual topics AIDS Behav (2014) 18:1604–1614 1605 123 [27]. LGB adolescents are more likely to reveal their sexual orientation to a parent when they perceive a strong attachment to that parent [25]. Because relationship quality could confound associations between outness and family factors, it is examined as a potential covariate for the present analysis. Purpose and Hypotheses The first aim of the present study is to determine how parental knowledge of a son’s sexual orientation influences the frequency of parental monitoring and parent–adolescent communication about sex reported by YMSM. Parents who are more aware of their sons’ sexual orientation likely monitor their adolescents more effectively, as their monitoring efforts are not inhibited by their sons’ attempts to maintain secrecy about their personal lives. However, for sexual communication, parents who are more aware of their sons’ sexual orientation could feel less comfortable

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