“In the late 1800 and early 1900's, infectious diseases were the most serious threat to health and well being.” Until the late 1900’s the leading cause of death was communicable diseases. As doctors gain more knowledge about medicine the death rate of those disease has substantially decreased. The three main illnesses of the 1800’s-1900’s were scarlet fever, tuberculosis, and chicken pox, yet a positive outcome from these horrendous sicknesses were antibiotics, remedies, and vaccines.
Some areas in the United States face higher rates of crime and drug abuse. This contributes to the prevalence of health disparities within different communities. In order to eliminate or decrease the distinct difference between areas that are at higher health risks than others one must begin to understand why they exist.
According to Ron Dagan, acute otitis media (middle ear infection) are most common in kids 3 months old to 3 years old. (Dagan p. 1). In Clinical Bacteriology of Recurrent Otitis Media with Effusion, it states, “antibiotic resistance has increased due to indiscriminate overuse and misuse of antibiotics.” The overuse of an antibiotic and/or using the wrong antibiotic to treat the sickness has made bacteria more resistant to the antibiotics. Later on in the passage, Dagan adds, “we collected nine hundred middle ear fluid samples for six hundred fifty four pediatric patients who underwent ventilation tube insertion due to OME…” “Antibiotic sensitivity tests showed that the two groups differed in sensitivity to penicillin and erythromycin, but no other antibiotics.” (Article abstract).Out of the nine hundred samples they took, the group showed the bacteria was defeated by the antibiotic penicillin and the antibiotic erythromycin but the other antibiotics didn’t touch the bacteria. The experiment showed people only two antibiotics were fighting off the bacteria. The two of which are being over used and over time will no longer work. If the bacteria continues to grow bigger and better, the antibiotics for ear infections aren’t going to work which leads to hearing loss, even to the extent of going
In the book Missing Microbes, the author, Dr. Martin J. Blaser discusses different types where the mysterious microbes are to be found. Dr. Martin also discusses his hypothesis in which talks about how over use of antibiotics has permanently changed the microbiome that humans live in, causing an increase in more modern diseases. The way Blaser lays the book is more like a journey; he traces his footsteps, and has the readers following the lead anxiously waiting on what he will inform them. There are a lot of doors in Science. Dr. Blaser chose to enter the door where facts and stories are to be learned everyday, in which there is no end, making that the beauty of science. Dr. Blaser starts the book by describing how much humans have been using antibiotics, describing the use as more of an addiction. Dr. Blaser talks about how individuals use antibiotics in order for them to fight against bacterial infections. Also discusses using antibiotics as an agricultural input for industrial farming operations. In the text, Dr. Martin J. Blaser does argue against antibiotics. Dr. Martin Claims the reason in a clear thoughtful
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria reformat themselves in order to become unaffected by the drugs or substances created to terminate them (About Antimicrobial Resistance). They gain resistance to the drugs which causes the drugs to be ineffective of use and leads to more harm. Antibiotic resistance commonly occurs within patients because of physicians misusing or overusing antibiotics. This creates a common resistance to patients and resulting in the constant creation for new antibiotics that would treat the bacteria (Antibiotic Resistance). The main conflict generally evolves from medical stewardship where physicians have the responsibility to optimally heal their patients to their best efforts (Medical Ethics and the Stewardship
The Pure Food and Drug act of 1906 stopped the sale, manufacturing, and transportation of poisonous and harmful foods and drugs. Historians agree that the Act came about from many people and organizations who had an interest in ratifying it. Many see Dr. Harvey Wiley, as the one who became the Chief Chemist at the Bureau of Chemistry and the sole creator of the law. There were other factors that lead to the pushing of the Pure Food and Drug Act, like the Women’s Christian Union, but Wiley and his attempts were the primary cause of the creation of these laws. In the eighteenth century, many Americans were concerned about the state of their food supply. In 1893, scientists from the Division of Chemistry founded clear metal that was in foods.
Syphilis is an acute disease that was not perfectly understood until scientists start to do clinical researches over patients having the disease and the bacteria themselves. Experiments were done on syphilis to understand how it proceeds, and how it can be cured. After the discovery of this affliction, doctors tried very hard to understand the disease, so they did various experiments. some of them were legal while others were illegal. In 1932, The Tuskegee syphilis experiment was done on black people in Alabama by U.S public health service. The purpose of that experiment was to understand the progression of syphilis over human body. However, the experiment involved six hundred black men, this disease infected 301 of them and
Although strong and disciplined soldiers are needed for a good army, the medical procedures and the system for saving injured fighters are equally as important. During World War II, many advancements in medical procedures and technologies developed due to the need to counteract the advancing weapons that cause more destruction. However, during World War II, there were less deaths due to infection and bleeding than World War I. This was primarily due to medical and surgical advancements. Although other developments during World War 2 like a more efficient, and better equipment may be important, the developments of bringing medical care to the wounded, making it more accessible, and an advancement in medicine were the most beneficial during
Antibiotics are a form of medicine that seek out and destroy the bacteria that make us feel sick. Antibiotics work great against bacteria, however they don’t work against viruses. Penicillin was the first antibiotic to be discovered by Alexander Fleming, and it was first used to treat infections. Essentially, these powerful medicines fight bacterial infections, and have the potential to save lives. They work by either killing the bacteria or retain them from reproducing, with the help of our body’s natural defense system.
At the time not even the most straightforward diseases, for example,not even the common cold was curable. Until the best medicinal disclosure at the time was accidently found in 1928. Starting its potential amid World War 2, the entire world needed its hands on it. It was Penicillin. Penicillin left an imprint in our history, it expanded medicinal innovation, manufacturing and even diminished diseases. it increased medical technology, manufacturing and even decreased infections.
The people against antibiotics want the use of them to be cut back before they start having an effect on the people. Farmers are more interested in keeping their animals healthy and them growing faster. This means that they don’t want anything to change. The problem of antibiotic resistance is something that will directly affect the human society if something is not done but, the society continues using the antibiotics because they are
There are many people in history who were essential for the world to become what is it today. They have made discoveries and inventions that have made the lives of people easier and better. Paracelsus and Alexander Fleming had an impact on the world by, advancing it in the medical field through their discoveries and achievements. These men have made differences in the same area and in different ones.
Evolution is the development and change within heritable traits of different populations over generations. Over the years, humans have begun to invent things and change around their environment (the world) to suit their needs. With this is mind, we humans have not been paying attention to how these changes are affecting our evolution as a species. We are cheating natural selection with the design of medicines and medical procedures that allow us to live longer.