The Importance Of Perception

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Perception
It has long been said that perception is reality, and in many ways it is. Perception is about what we take in and what we make out of it. The study of Perception is concerned with describing the way people see, organize and interpret sensory information in order to make sense of the world around us. People’s perceptions influence how they behave in their organization. Correct perception allows employees to understand effectively what they see and hear in the workplace in order to make decisions, complete all kinds of tasks and act in an ethical manner. Wrong perceptions lead to problems in the organizations, such as stereotyping, leading people into making wrong assumptions.
Perception makes use of our five senses i.e. touch, sight,
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They serve as general standards or criteria that determine individuals ' attitudes, preferences and behaviours. Values may therefore also prime the type of employment opportunities individuals strive for and perceive. People tend to evaluate other people on their ability, effort or personality. They also attribute luck or the difficulty of task to a success or failure. The attributions people make for their own behaviour also influence their performance in the organization. For example, successful workers who succeed at tasks after completing training exercises usually increase their confidence levels. Those who fail may consider themselves unlucky or blame others. People’s perceptions and judgment of another person’s action depend on reactions occurring consistently or inconsistently. Taking into account that people have cultural beliefs, motives and intentions help explain behaviour and help rectify non-productive situations. Individuals can react more appropriately if they understand the common causes of behaviour. Workers may see their organization as stressing the importance of intrinsic values when it applauds signs of social support enhancing emotional intimacy, stimulates social charity or extra-role behaviour to strengthen community contribution. The workers then have higher job…show more content…
The Experiment:
One of the first statistical studies of ESP, using card-guessing, was conducted by Ina Jephson, in the 1920s. She reported mixed findings across two studies. More successful experiments were conducted with procedures other than card-guessing. G.N.M. Tyrrell used automated target-selection and data-recording in guessing the location of a future point of light. Whateley Carington experimented on the paranormal cognition of drawings of randomly selected words, using participants from across the globe. J. Hettinger studied the ability to retrieve information associated with token objects.
In the 1960s, with the development of cognitive psychology and humanistic psychology, parapsychologists became more interested in the cognitive components of ESP and its role in psychological life. Memory, for instance, was offered as a better model of psi than perception. So experimental procedures that were not limited to Rhine 's favoured forced-choice methodology started. Free-response measures, such as used by Carington in the 1930s, were developed with attempts to raise the sensitivity of participants to their cognitions. These procedures included relaxation, meditation, REM-sleep, and the Ganzfeld (a mild sensory deprivation procedure). These studies have been more successful than Rhine 's forced-choice paradigm, with meta-analyses evidencing reliable effects, and many confirmatory

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