This means it focuses not only on the physical ailments, but also on mental, emotional, social and often spiritual issues. Holistic nursing recognizes the totality of the human being, honours each individual’s subjective experience about health, health beliefs and values. Holism is more than certain actions performed or words spoken to a patient. Holistic care is a philosophy; it is a method to ensure care for all parts of a patient. Holistic nurses are those that recognize and treat each individual differently.
Clinical judgement is of complex because nurses are needed to have prior training in that he/she can have a better understanding of the subject. This relies on the ability of the nurse to make observation, identify information which is relevant and good reasoning. The process entails a cycle of sensory activities which are starting with perception
Watson notes that caring does not necessitate verbal exchange (Rexroth & Davidhizar, 2003). Contribution Watson’s theory contributes to the discipline of nursing by using the value of human caring theory as an introductory idea and viewpoint for any health professional. Watson’s theory concentrates on caring in several health disciplines and is compatible with the caring attitude that nursing has had over time. The center of the human caring theory is about human caring relationships and the intense human understandings of life itself, not just health-illness singularities, as conventionally demarcated inside medicine. The concept is an exceptional way of being human, a unique way of being contemporary, observant, mindful, and calculated as the nurse operates with another person.
105). Effectual clinical judgement enables a nurse to clearly identify changes in patients and assessments through past experiences and knowledge; through analysing and evaluating objective and subjective data allows for a judgment to be made that will help prevent or reverse a deteriorating patient (Alfaro-LeFevre 2016, p. 105). Each nurse has a different level of expertise and knowledge that makes clinical judgement very individual and unique (Cappelletti, Engel & Prentice 2014, p. 4). When making a clinical judgment a nurse must ensure they stay within their scope of practice, maintain professionalism, are aware of their legal obligations and understand their workplace policies (Alfaro-LeFevre 2016, pp. 105-6).
Groups of human beings with regulations: assign individuals to provided care and deliberate decisions about self and others. Orem’s theory is a universal theory that focused on the following assertion: (Smith 2012): The theory of nursing systems, the theory of self-care deficit, and the theory of self-care. 1. The theory of nursing system: The theory of nursing system describe nursing as actions performed by human (nurses). These actions are planned and discharged following the task of the nursing agency for individuals or group of people with health-related issues or limitations.
The person is the central focus of nursing care, whereas a person’s health is mediated by his/her environment. Therefore, if a person who is healthy is capable of self-care. On the others hand, when there is illness in the person’s health state, the person will be unable to complete all self-cae requisites. In this situation occurs, nursing care is needed to assist the person in completing his/her self-care. As nurses, must assess the person’s ability to provide his/her self-care and the environmental context of the person in order to overcome health associated
Through the process of nurturing care, Hall states that the patient is more likely to examine themselves as a whole and make greater strides toward recovery (Touhy & Birnbach, 2005; as cited in Touhy & Birnbach, 2005). In addition to the patient discovering themselves, the nurse who discovers his or herself can develop trust with the patient as well so that they can work with them, not for them (Touhy & Birnbach, 2005). This idea differs from the aforementioned personal nursing philosophy in that it addresses the cause and effect relationship between the nurse and patient, not just separately, and it shows how the nurse’s actions can affect the patient’s outcomes significantly (Touhy & Birnbach, 2005). Summed up, Hall theorizes that the “role of professional nursing was enacted through the provision of care that facilitates the interpersonal process and invited the patient to learn to reach the core of his difficulties while seeing him through the cure that is possible” (Touhy & Birnbach, 2005,