The Importance Of Phonics In Learning

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It is defined as one’s sensitivity to, or explicit awareness of the phonological structure of words in one’s language (Torgesen, 1998). Phonological awareness involves the ability to find out individual words within spoken sentences, identify syllable wise structure of the words and awareness of individual sounds within syllables- starting with onset-rime, structure of syllable and ending with awareness of individual phonemes in words. Phonological awareness is basically an ability to hear the sounds of the language.
1.2.2. Phonics
One of the urgent requirements in the field of Education in Learning Disability is introduction of language development and phonics as a mandatory part of pre- and primary school curriculum. Phonics is relationship between sound of our language and written symbols. An alphabetical principle is, acquiring the knowledge that letters of the alphabet represent sound and written words are formed by putting together these sounds. The instruction of phonics is like breaking the code of unknown words. Phonics instructions have to be systematic and explicit. Systematic instruction focuses on order of instruction that helps to build knowledge
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Learners with Learning Disability are using assisted technologies to compensate for barrier in learning. Lerner (2000) characterizes an application “word processing” as blessing to learners with Learning Disability. Word processing is a privilege for learners with difficulties in adapting writing skills. To be effective, technology has to be carefully integrated into the instructions. Use of hypermedia has proved to enhance mathematical problem-solving skills and performance in spelling formation in learners with Learning Disability. Instructional technologies have proven effective in areas other than basic language arts

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