The Importance Of Photosynthesis

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Unlike animals, plants do not require other organisms to obtain food. Instead, they can produce their own nutriment through a process called photosynthesis. Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts (the green pigment of the plant), during which green plants convert light to chemical energy and store the product in the bonds of sugar. For photosynthesis to successfully take place plants H2O, C2O, light and chlorophyll are needed.
Photosynthesis doesn’t only provide nutriment to the plant; it also produces oxygen, which is absolutely essential to every living organism on Earth. Therefore photosynthesis is a crucial process and holds a very important role in the environment.
There are many factors that can influence the rate of photosynthesis
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By looking at this graph you can notice that while the human eye has the strongest response in the yellow/green section of the light spectrum (600nm), plants respond more to the blue and red. The duration, the direction and the spectral quality of the light impact the rate of photosynthesis of the plants. Plants are highly responsive to the conditions of the environment surrounding them, which is why plants raised in greenhouses, under grow-light bulbs, might look different from plants grown outside…show more content…
However higher intensity have a better effect on the rate of photosynthesis, as it manages to hit not only the top part of the plant but also the bottom leaves, maximizing the effects of photosynthesis to the plants potential.

Farmers use the power of grow lights to control the photoperiod during the seasons where sunlight isn’t as strong and photoperiod is lower and to increase the rate of photosynthesis. There are different kinds of grow light and each of them has different function or a different effectiveness:
• Incandescent; The incandescent light bulb is used to control photoperiod mostly. This because the majority of energy form released from the light bulbs is heat rather than light, and is therefore an inefficient light source. Also because this light bulb releases mostly heat it must be placed at a correct distance from the plant, otherwise it might cause the plant to burn. (Karlsson, 2014) As a matter of fact only 15% of the energy released by the incandescent lamp is directed in the photo-synthetically active radiation (PAR), 75% of the energy emitted is infrared and 10% is emitted as thermal energy. These lamps are usually used for a night break, usually when supplementary lighting bulbs aren’t put up during the

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