Luther King says in "9 Interesting Facts and Statistics about Littering", 1.9 billion tons of litter end up in the ocean. The ocean is another ecosystem made up of many diverse animals and plants. In “ 5 Ways Pollution Is Killing Animals”, Abigail Geer tells us that there are many things that can pollute the water ranging from noise, chemical and acid runoff, waste water and oils. All of these types of pollutions are affecting the marine life drastically. Abigail tells us that noise pollution is hurting animals that use sonar to get around are becoming closer to extinction.
“An average person takes about 12 steps before they litter.”(“Eye-Opening Statistics”). This is a shocking statistic. An average person shouldn’t even litter, littering harms the environment in many ways. It harms the oceans, each year about 300,000 dolphins die because the government throws the trash littered into the oceans. There are millions of dolphins out in the oceans and they are declining fast because people couldn’t take another 12 steps to get to the trash cans that are all over the place in cities.
Agriculture immensely adds to the nutrient and chemical pollution due to the fertilizers used on crops. When rains or winds come through the fertilizer is carried from the fields into the rivers and streams that then lead into the ocean(Effect of Runoff). Red tide had been a huge issue that is unpreventable and caused by dinoflagellates (Red Tide). Red Tide is a type of algal bloom that takes up oxygen in the water. When the oxygen levels in the ocean are lowered it can kill many plants which is very unfortunate for the manatees considering they are herbivores and with their food supply being depleted they may suffer from starvation.
Obviously, the poison that is used in fishing (mainly cyanide) is harmful for the ocean because it may poison other fish over the years. Also, the usage of explosives are harmful because they all kill off things such as coral, and the damaging of coral reefs can take decades before it reverts back to its normal state. To reduce or totally eliminate the way these local practices are impacting the environment, we can place restrictions on what can be used in fishing, and how much you can catch. For example, we can limit fishers to only 10 fish a day. This would give the fish plenty of time to reproduce and would keep the population of the fish steady.
Marine mammals such as seals are being found entangled in plastic fishnets and several drown. It is tragic that the oceans have large amounts of plastic contamination which is causing problems with marine life and beach birds. It is discovered that these animals are mistaking small plastic debris for food, Susan Casey in her article, “Our Oceans Are Turning Into Plastic…Are You?”
When a larger animal consumes the hazardous animal, it affects the entire food chain (“What Is Ocean”). Plastic garbage from ships collects in the oceans, where it is eaten by some animals, causing it to choke them or to block their stomachs (Claybourne 38). Littering raises the carbon dioxide levels in the ocean. The carbon dioxide in the trash raises the temperatures of the water, which can lead to coral bleaching. Most of the trash and debris released into the oceans cannot decompose, leaving it floating in the ocean for many years.
It is the place our children dream about. Then why are we killing it and the wondrous animals that live in it? The Pacific oceans gyre is a swirling pile of garbage. The continuous dumping of plastic into the ocean has caused the gyre to increase to be larger than the state of Texas. The article, Sailing to the Pacific Ocean's Trash Vortex, talks about how the North Pacific gyre is not a solid
This shows that an environmental threat that blue crabs face is pollution because if about 1 million animals are dying each year because of pollution, we have a serious problem. Furthermore, another ecological hazard that this incredible animal faces is fishing and it’s equipment. According to the text, “Modern fishing methods have created some serious problems for the ocean. The populations of almost all fish species that we eat have shrunken,”(Dignan 14). This proves that another environmental threat that blue crabs faces are fishing because they may not be a type of fish, but, like most crabs, they are fished, caught and sold.
Ocean Pollution DBQ Did you know that every year, eight million metric tons of plastic is dumped or somehow ends up in the ocean (Doc. 1)? The following sentences will talk about what people are doing to pollute the oceans and how they are making the pollution better. Humans are the biggest threat to animals in the ocean because they litter so much (OI). Sometimes, people litter without even knowing they're littering.
It is also ruining the amazing marine biodiversity that South Africa has. Pollution not only comes from industrial sector such as oil companies, but also from littering and sewage. Plastic pollution is one of the types of pollution that effect the marine environment. It is impossible to give an accurate estimation of the amount of plastic that is being polluted into the ocean. However, in 1975 the global fishing fleet alone dumped approximately 135 400 tons of plastic fishing gear and 23 600 tons of synthetic packaging materials