1,152 women are raped every single day in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Adetunji). Due to the fact the nation is extremely rich in natural resources, has been lead by corrupt government leaders, and conflict involving neighbors countries, violence is abundant. Sexual violence against women is often used as a weapon to destroy and tear apart families and even entire communities. Women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo legally have the same rights as men but traditional customary laws restricted their rights and unfortunately, those are often still practiced today. The sexism is reportedly increasing and even worse in rural areas.
Inga 3 Project: Hydroelectricity at a cost The Congo River’s, Inga Falls, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DPC) possesses the potential to be one of the most modern and powerful hydroelectric power sources in the world. According to Yukhananov (2014) “The World Bank, a poverty-fighting institution based in Washington, estimates that Congo has 100 gigawatts of hydropower potential, the world's third largest behind China and Russia” (para. 5). This dam could provide power to all of Africa, but is the World Bank ready for such a massive project? I believe the initial intentions seem to be for the people, but once the financing started with the World Bank, thing seemed start falling apart.
The Congo basin supports a large rainforest ecosystem, which contributes on a large scale to stable the world climate. But this ecosystem is endangered due to the vast wealth of resources and accompanied illegal mining activities, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Diverse case studies about Congo’s Kahuzi-Biega Park, Okapi Reserve and Virunga Park ascertain that deforestation, water pollution as well as hunting and poaching are the most common environmental impacts. Observations show that only approximately 20 % of mammals are still alive in some heritage areas. These impacts lead to a high loss of biodiversity and results in a dramatically change in rainforest ecosystem services.
The Berlin Conference: Leopold II and the Congo Free State Introduction Political issues such as mismanagement, dictatorship and corruption characterize some of the most severe challenges facing the Democratic Republic of Congo. The importance of the situation could be explained by the continuous number of dictatorial challenges on Congo soil. Most assumptions and features of this study are already obvious; however, political issues in the Congo cannot only be attributed to the physical challenges such as dictatorship, mismanagement and corruption. The influence of Western European countries during and after colonisation plays a vital role. In broad terms, this paper explores Belgian colonialism in the Congo and how it contributed to its
Nigeria has about 267 billion cubic meters of surface water and about 52 billion cubic meters of ground water annually (Ince et al, 2010). In the southern part of the country, rainfall is high, surface water and springs are often the most appropriate source of water while in the north, rainfall is low and aquifers are shallow. It is obvious from the above that the country is generously blessed with abundant surface and ground water. In spite of this level of endowment, national sector data indicates poor access of Nigerian to water.
Only the debt increased. The Congo River are the example of this situation. After making dam spent billions of dollars, 85% of the electricity in the Democratic Republic of Congo is used by high-voltage consumers but less than 10% of the population has access to electricity. This shows only some people got benefit from this project which means not only poor get much help from getting electricity but also suffer because of more debts. In addition, making dam caused destroying habitat for many kinds of spices.
However, the biggest drawback is the well-recognized potential to pollute groundwater resources (ARGOSS, 2001; Lewis et al., 1980), which conﬂicts with Integrated Water Resources Management principles, in particular to preserve the integrity of vital ecosystems and to maintain water quality and quantity. Given the widespread use of groundwater for domestic purposes in rural areas, maintaining groundwater quality is a critical livelihood intervention. Globally, the larger part of the population lives in rural areas and in Africa it is estimated that these people represent approximately 70–80% of the continent’s population. As is the case with most rural communities in the country, the people of Ikwezi municipality mainly use borehole water as a source of domestic water and other purposes and ventilated pit latrines for sanitation. The geological setup and soil type in the study area, is
For centuries, the trans-boundary water issues have affected many communities and countries around the world. According to UN, the water sources for 800 million people living in 39 countries originate beyond their national boundaries, thus giving rise to disagreements over issues relating to control and distribution rights. The central issue in 90% of the cases pertains to discord over infrastructure and quantity allocation, as has been witnessed in major river basins like Nile, Mekong, Tigris and Indus. 2. The Indus River Basin is ‘one of the most important water systems in Asia’.