Child labor exists even though laws eliminate it. There are many reasons that cause child labor: Poverty and unemployment levels are high – As you see, the most of employed children work in less developed countries by economy. In such countries poor families and children may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. According to U.N statistics more than one-fourth of the people around the world live in poverty that is caused by the high unemployment levels. Free education is limited – U.N estimated that approximately 75 million children were not attending school.
They are our future. According to society, our entire world may be in the hands of our children. But if children are the future then why do they still suffer from hunger due to poverty and food insecurity? The amount of children suffering is higher than a number than you could’ve ever anticipated. It’s horrendous that while living in one of the wealthiest countries in the world we still see children starving.
Along with poor neighborhoods, schools also come into play with inefficient resources for the students. Many schools in Texas experience severe budget cuts due to the fact that they are the second leading state in children enrolled in public schools. The state with filled with hundreds of failing schools that are suffering because of
In regards to families in the lower social economic class, Shanahan, Runyan, Martin, and Kotch (2017) discuss the public health problems that occurs from child maltreatment in families who are in poverty. Each year, maltreatment effect 17.1 out of 1000 children in America. Children who live with four or more siblings are three times more likely to suffer from neglect. Also, Families who are experiencing poverty are cited as a risk factor for child neglect. Shanahan et al.
significant number of children from the refugee families and immigrant are at higher risk as compared to other children for undiagnosed mental health disorders, the absence of social integration, social segregation, absences of confidence, and depression. These children have a minimal accessibility to mental health care and frequently emerge from cultures where receiving assistance for problems related to mental health conveys stigma. The immigrants around the world continue to increase. For instance, according to the census of 2000 in the United States, it was noted that 1 of every 5 children in the country is a child of an immigrant (George, 2003). Children from immigrant families face poverty, where the poverty rates in these families are higher are compared to the native-born families.
Research on gender pay gap by UNDP (2009) observes that between 1985 and 2008, inequality in Nigeria worsened from 0.43 to 0.49, placing the country among those with the highest inequality levels in the world. The poverty problem in the country is partly a feature of high inequality which manifests in highly unequal income distribution and differential access to basic infrastructure, education, training and job opportunities. Gender inequality in education is extreme. Girls are less likely to access school, to remain in school or to achieve in education. Despite almost 30 years of the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), and 20 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), today girls make up around 56 per cent of the 77 million children not in school, and women make up two thirds of the adults who are illiterate.
Poverty is described as being the single greatest threat to a child because it affects the children’s lives so greatly. For example, about 28 percent of children in developing countries live in poverty. “Around 27-28 percent of all children in developing countries are estimated to be underweight or stunted” (Shah, 2013). There are 165 countries in the world, but 137 in development
According to the State of America’s Children in the United States and Alabama 2017 Factsheets, 18 percent of the U.S.’s children were poor in 2016, and 25 percent of Alabama’s children were poor in 2016. These statistics are overwhelming due to the fact that child poverty affects all areas of their lives. Children exposed to poverty at such a young age are at a disadvantage in several areas; these children are at risk of low academic achievement, resulting in lasting negative effects. Our economy is not able to thrive if child poverty continues. Children living in poverty are also at risk of dropping out of school, being unemployed, and entering the juvenile justice system.
These are some of the important factors contributing in general to the suffering of children in Ethiopia. A quarter of the population lives on less than $1.25 per day (UNDP 2011), and “87.3 percent of the population suffers multiple deprivations while an additional 6.8 percent are vulnerable to multiple deprivations” (UNDP 2013). “Almost half the population is considered undernourished, and the average life expectancy is only 48 years”. Most people living under these severe conditions are trapped in a cycle of poverty (UNDP 2011). Poverty is a major factor in this regard and accounts for close to 70 percent of the factors that cause streetism in Ethiopia.
However, children and families have not been the only victims of social pressure. As school populations rose, schools could not maintain the growth that had previously been exploited. The pressure faced by schools to support withstand a large group of students is evidently shown as education has been poor in developing countries. Furthermore, the social pressure faced by schools and families has added to the gender gap in literacy and academics. According to a source, fourteen of fifty-one developing countries show poor literacy for women.