The Importance Of Privacy On Human Rights

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1.1. Privacy
Privacy is an essential human right recognized in the majority of international treaties and agreements on human rights. Almost all countries around the world identify privacy as a basic human right in their constitution, either explicitly or implicitly {Personal Privacy in the Information Age- Comparison of Internet}. However, the post war period is seen the appearance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UN, 1948), and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (UN, 1966), However, the importance of the protection of privacy as an essential human right has been recognized after the disaster and carnages of this period, when large databases of personal data were used to segregate populations, targeted minority groups and make possible genocide, made it clear how it can be dangerous to allow the public to intervene in the private sector.
In the 1970s, the private sector began to use of personal information. This increased the risk of personal data being abused and created concern that there would be a need for regulations to guarantee that individuals ' privacy appropriately protected. Therefore, specific regulations to govern personal data processing were presented at an international and a national level in the 1970s and 1980s {Review of the European Data Protection Directive}
Information Privacy
Privacy rights or obligations are about the collection, use, disclosure, storage, and destruction of personal data or personally

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